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Art Vocabulary 1-4

Art Vocabulary/Definition 1-4 (40 Vocabulary Words)

1. 2 Dimensional Art A flat surface like a drawing, painting, or print.
1. Texture The element of art refers to how things feel and how they might look like they might feel on the surface. Objects can be rough, smooth, matte, or shiny.
1. Diagonal Line Line that is slant, neither vertical nor horizontal.
1. Vertical Line Line that goes up and down, perpendicular to the bottom on the paper or canvas, and are at a right angle to the bottom edge of paper or canvas.
1. Space Element of art referring to the emptiness or area between, below, around, or within objects.
1. Catharsis Mental expression through a physical shape or form when you create a work of art.
1. Art Is everything and everything is art.
1. 3 Dimensional Art Sculptures. In the round, you can see all sides. Relief sculpture, you can see 3 sides. Decco art, weaving, craft, jewelry, and ceramics.
1. Horizontal Line Line that lies flat and parallel to the bottom edge of paper or canvas.
1. Line Element of art that refers to continuous mark on some surface by a moving point.
2. Foreground Part of the picture plan that appears closest to the viewer. Usually at the bottom of picture.
2. Horizon Line Eye level of the artist and the view. The viewpoint that the artist draws or paints from. It is where the earth and sun seem to meet.
2. Forms Element of art that is 3D and enclosed space. Forms are either geometric or free form.
2. Background Part of the picture that appears furthest to the viewer.
2. Unity Principle of design that allows the viewer to see a combination of elements, principle, and media as a whole. Created by harmony, simplicity, repetition, and proximity.
2. Shapes Element of art that is 2D and an enclosed space. While form has depth, shape has length and width.
2. Perspective Method used to create illusion of depth on 2D surface. Developed during Renaissance period.
2. Midground Area of a picture between foreground and background.
2. Shades Dark value of a hue made by adding black to it. Opposite of a tint is when white is added.
2. Vanishing Points Points on horizon line where rays seem to begin or end.
3. Monochromatic Consisting of only a single color or hue by adding neutral black, white, and gray.
3. Hue Color, element of art, primary hues: blue, red, and yellow.
3. Pigment Finely ground color powder that forms paint or dye when mixed with liquid. Also used to make crayons and pastels.
3. Intensity of Colors Brightness or dullness of a color. Pure hue is a high intensity color.
3. Black and White Element of art that relates to the lightness and darkness of a color or tone. Values that can't be made from red, yellow, and blue.
3. Primary Colors Basic colors are red, yellow, and blue from which it's possible to mix all the colors of the spectrum.
3. Cool Colors Often associated with sky, water, spring, and foliage. Suggest coolness. Colors: blue and green.
3. Warm Colors Often associated with fire and sun. Suggest warmness. Colors: red and yellow.
3. Secondary Colors Colors obtained by mixing equal amounts of 2 primary colors. Orange, green, and purple.
3. Complementary Colors Any 2 colors that are located opposite each other on a color wheel. Orange and Blue, Yellow and Purple, Green and Red
4. Drawing The art of depicting shapes or forms or figures in a surface with lines.
4. Gesture Drawing Line drawing done quickly to capture movement of the subject's body.
4. Design Plan, organization, or composition of work of art. Effective design is one in which elements and principles have been combined to achieve overall sense of unity.
4. Geometric Shapes Flat looking, mechanical, man made shapes. Basic geometric shapes are circle, square, and triangle.
4. Geometric Forms Element of art that is 3D and enclosed space. Examples include cube, sphere, and cylinders. Opposite of free forms or shapes.
4. Free Form Shapes/Form Organic Shape/Form Irregular or uneven shape or form with curved or angular outlines or a combination of both. Free form shapes and forms are often natural. Opposite of geometric forms/shapes.
4. Contour Drawing Drawing in which only one contour line is used to represent the subject matter. Line creates boundaries that separate one are from another. It defines edges and surface ridges of objects and figures.
4. Composition Arrangement of elements in a work of art.
4. Content The message the artist is trying to communicate in the work of art. The content can relate to subject matter of an idea or emotion. Another word: Theme.
4. Focal Point Area of a work of art that attracts viewer's attention. Created by contrast, location, isolation, convergence, and use of the unusual.
Created by: beverlyy