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psych test two

retrieval cue something that helps us recall stored information
encoding specificity principle idea that any stimulus that is encoded along with an experience can later trigger memory for the experience
mnemonics learning aids, strategies, and devices that improve recall (making songs, roy g biv, rhyming)
explicit memory memory we are consciously aware of, we choose to bring it up and think about it
episodic memory explicit memory about one's personal past experience
semantic memory explicit memory for knowledge about the world (don't know where we learned it) (woman takes man's name at marriage)
implicit memory the system underlying conscious memories; not choose to think about them, but they still influence us
procedural memory implicit memory that involves motor skills and behavioral habits (driving and not realizing what you doing)
forgetting inability to retrieve memory from long-term storage (we do not leave long-term info)
seven sins of memory check chart
Transience (forgetting over time: proactive vs retroactive interference) Proactive: when old information makes it difficult to remember new info (dialing mom's old number) Retroactive: when new info inhibits ability to remember old info
blocking (sin) temporary inability to remember something (tip of the tongue)
absentmindedness shallow encoding of information (forgetting the name of someone you just met)
persistence recurrence of unwanted events (PTSD)
flashbulb memory emotional event that you think you remember vividly (9/11)
memory bias changing of memories over time
misattribution people misremember time, place, or people involved with the memory
suggestibility the development of biased memories from misleading information
Created by: Cole.Turner
Popular Psychology sets




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