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WGeo Unit 7 Review

World Geography Semester B Unit 7 Review Vocabulary

shan the word for mountain in Chinese
Gobi Desert desert that sits between Russia and China
Himalaya Mountains a range that divides China from South Asia; contains the world highest mountain Mt. Everest
Mt. Everest world’s tallest mountain; located in southwest China
Mt. Fuji an active volcano on Japan
oceanic trench depression in the sea floor
reclamation using sand or polders to make more usable land
Yangtze River located in the central and east regions of China; Asia’s longest river; is a hub or economic activity
monsoon rainy season caused by imbalances in temperature
terrace farming series of flat surfaces resembling steps on hillsides; good for farming rice; wheat; and barley; reduces erosion and run off
typhoon a tropical storm that occurs in the western Pacific
Ring of Fire an area of high tectonic activity along the Pacific Ocean basin
tephra solid volcanic material such as ash and rock that is ejected from an erupting volcano
pyroclastic flow a mixture of tephra and extremely hot gas that flows in cloud form down the sides of the volcano
attack on Pearl Harbor December 7th in 1941 the U.S. entered World War II because Japan attacked this location in Hawaii
Westernization the process of adopting Western particularly European and American culture and values
communism a social; political; and economic system that seeks communal ownership of the factors of production such as farms
Marxism an analysis of social class and conflict based on the work of Karl Marx
Mao Zedong leader of the communist party in China during the mid-1900s; established the People’s Republic of China
Great Leap Forward Mao Zedong’s program from 1958 to 1961; aimed to change China from agrarian with private farms to a communist society; was supposed to revolutionize farming but instead failed and brought famine and economic decline.
38th parallel the dividing line in Korea that separated the communist north and the democratic south
sanction a refusal to do business with another country
Ho Chi Minh 1890-1969 CE; communist politician and revolutionary who led Vietnam to freedom from France
domino theory fear that one country after another would convert to communism
Viet Cong Vietnamese communists
guerrilla warfare military tactics designed for terrain such as booby traps; ambushes; and raids
Agent Orange chemical defoliant used by U.S. forces in the Vietnam War so they could see the guerilla fighters in the jungle; caused severe health problems and birth defects
Khmer Rouge Cambodian communist group that opposed Westernization; wanted to return to a farming society
Pol Pot 1925-1998 CE
Killing Fields mass graves where those killed in Pol Pot’s Khmer Rouge genocide were buried
shatter belt an area of political instability that is caught between the interests of competing states
Economic geography field of study that asks “Where is economic development occurring?” and “Why is economic development occurring in some areas and not others?”
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation promotes free trade across Asia and the Pacific Ocean
Association of Southeast Asian Nations aims to promote political security
Special Economic Zones coastal regions in China that have special tax and regulation incentives to attract foreign investment
growth poles areas such as SEZs that have attracted economic development in the region.
foreign direct investment the control of a business in one country by a company based in another country; important part of China’s success
Four Asian Tigers countries of Hong Kong; Singapore; South Korea; and Taiwan; experienced rapid industrialization and economic development led by export-driven economies; low taxes; and free trade
Confucian work ethic a dedication to hard work
value added goods acting upon a raw materials to make it worth more such as pressure treating lumber
entrepôt a French term meaning a commercial center of trade
crony capitalism using a relationship with someone in the government to gain unfairly
transmigration relocating people from a densely populated area to a less populated area
Three Gorges Dam dam located in China’s interior; generates renewable energy but the building of it displaces many people and animals; prevents major flooding in the area
hydroelectricity using moving water to generate electricity; renewable source
Great Wall of China over 13000 miles of wall in segments across China; built for defence and migration control
Forbidden City 980 buildings in Beijing; no one could leave or enter without the emperor’s permission
Shibuya Crossing a scramble crossing intersection in Japan; has huge advertisements on buildings and signs; thousands cross it every day
Grand Palace building complex in Bangkok Thailand; originally built of wood but was rebuilt over time with bricks salvaged from an old capital city
Tian Tan Buddha giant Buddha statue in Hong Kong
Buddhism a search for enlightenment and an end to suffering
Confucianism philosophy of hard work; education; and respect for the family unit
Chinese New Year celebration in January to February to honor the gods and ancestors
Taiwanese lantern festivals celebrations that feature lighted lanterns that symbolize peace and good fortune
Created by: joann.roe
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