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SubSaharan Africa KT

Key Terms

TermDefinition
Human evolution Long-term biological maturation of the human species. Geographically, all evidence points toward East Africa as the source of humankind
Rift valley The through or trench that forms when a thinning strip of the Earth's crust sinks between two parallel faults (surface fractures)
Continental drift The slow movements of continents controlled by the process associated with plate tectonics
State formation The creation of a state, exemplifying traditions of human territoriality that go back thousands of years
Indirect rule British colonial practice that kept indigenous power structures in place, co-opting individual rulers. The purpose was to minimize armed conflict and maximize profits
Land tenure The way people own, occupy, and use land
Land alienation One society or culture group taking land from another
Green revolution The successful late-twentieth-century development of higher-yield, fast-growing varieties of rice and other cereals in certain developing countries
Agribusiness The agricultural operations of large, often multinational, corporations
Medical Geography The study of health and disease within a geographic context and from a spatial perspective. Among other things, geographic field examines the sources, diffusion routes, and distribution of diseases
Endemic Refers to a disease in a host population that affects many people in a kind of equilibrium without causing rapid and widespread deaths
Epidemic A local or regional outbreak of a disease
Pandemic An outbreak of a disease that spreads worldwide
Multilingualism A society marked by a mosaic of local languages
Formal economy The part of a national economy that is registered with the government agencies and complies with laws and regulations, especially taxation
Informal economy The new, increasingly dominant, postindustrial economy that is maturing in the most highly advanced countries of North America, Europe, and the Pacific Rim
Apartheid Literally, apartness. The Afrikaans term for South Africa's pre-1994 policies or radical separation, a system that produced highly segregated socio-geographical patterns
Exclave A bounded, non-island piece of territory that is part of a particular state but lies separated from it by the territory of another state
Sharia Law The strict criminal code based in Islamic law that prescribes the corporal punishment, amputations, stonings, and lashings for both major and minor offenses.
Boko Haram The violent, jihadist, terrorist organization that is based in - and controls parts of- northeastern Nigeria.
Xenophobia Extreme dislike and fear of foreigners, sometimes fueled by populist politicians
Created by: pl250911
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