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Ch 14 India test

India Test

Who are the untouchables and explain what roles/jobs they have in Indian society? caste-less people in Hindu society that have the lowest jobs that no one wants (i.e. untouchables); determines who they marry and what jobs they have; their ancient system still has influence on modern India despite it being illegal
What religion is the most practiced in India? Hinduism
What is the most common spoken language in India? Hindi
When and why did the British colonize India? In the 1700's, India came under British rule because they wanted their natural resources like tea/cotton and a market for British goods
What caused Nationalism to develop in India? Indians felt like 2nd class citizens in their own country; the best everything went to the British. Indians were not allowed to run traditional businesses many times.
Why were there two separate national identities in India? Because there were two main religious groups in India - Hindu and Islam
Explain the importance of the Rowlatt Act. It gave Britain power to send Indians to jail up to 2 years without a trial - this led to British having more control over the lives of the Indians and further upset Indians
Who was Mohandas "Mahatma" Gandhi? A lawyer who used boycotts and civil disobedience to urge for independence from Britain
Explain the importance of the Amristar Massacre. British opened fire on large gathering of Indians who they stated were meeting illegally - 400 killed and 1200 wounded; Indians were furious and this united a call for complete independence from Britain by Indians
What does Gandhi's name mean? "Great Soul"
Explain boycotting and civil disobedience. Boycotting is a refusal to buy goods or services; civil disobedience is the non-violent refusal to obey unfair laws
How did boycotting and civil disobedience affect India's independence movement? Both hurt Britain's economy and by 1935 Britain was gradually giving up its claims on India and this led to eventual self-rule and independence after WWII
Why was Gandhi important to India's history? His means of protest gradually wore Britain down and led to independence for India; he is one of the most important individuals in the story of Indian nationalism
What is India's capital and where is it located? It is New Delhi and it is located in North central part of the country of India.
Name the two organizations that fought for independence from the British. What groups did each organization represent? Indian National Congress represented Hindus and Muslim League represented Indians who followed Islam
How was India divided in 1947? India was divided because Hindus and Muslims could not decide on how to organize or rule it after independence; it was divided into India (Hindus) and West and East Pakistan which later became Pakistan and Bangladesh (Muslims)
How did religion affect he split of India in 1947? Hindus and Muslims could not decide on how to rule or organize India so the country was split into 3 parts (India, W and E Pakistan)
What two modern day countries were created due to the split in India? Pakistan and Bangladesh
What part of India's economy is growing the fastest? IT/Technology and service industry
What is Bollywood? Film Industry of India (like Hollywood)
What type of economic system does India have? Mixed
What type of government does India have? Federal Parliamentary Republic
What rights do citizens have in India? all the same basic rights
What is the Panchayat System? Local power is in the hands of village councils in India. Each village council (panchayat) is part of larger group of villages and then these groups belong to district council.
Who is the head of India's government? Prime Minister
What is India's most important river and why? The Ganges River is the most important river for religious reasons. It is also important for drinking, cooking, bathing.
What changes have occurred in India's economy over the last 10 years? It has become the fastest growing economy; it has a stable government, and service industries are booming, its workforce is huge.
What is the Green Revolution and what is its purpose? A program begun in the 1960's to modernize Indian agriculture by using new seeds and grains, fertilizers, pesticides to improve crop production.
How do monsoons affect India? They bring in heavy rains from the ocean which is good for farming but can also cause destructive flooding.
India is the 4th largest producer of what mineral? Coal
What are some environmental problems faced by India? Air pollution, water pollution, flooding.
what industries were brought over by the British? Railroad
Created by: darcymcfarlane
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