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nonverbal chap1

Communication and nonverbal behavior

TermDefinitionexample
human communication the process of one person stimulating meaning in the mind of another person by means of verbal and/or nonverbal messages
nonverbal communication the process of one person stimulating meaning in the mind of another person by means of nonverbal messages behaviors become communication when another person perceives them and attributes meaning to them
accenting the purposeful use of a nonverbal message to emphasize or highlight the verbal message when a teacher drops lowers her voice to get the classes attention
accidental communication occurs when people behave and others attribute meaning to the behavior without the sender intending it using a nonverbal behavior that was not meant for a receiver
chronemics the study of the communicative aspect of time
complementing the use of a nonverbal message that is consistent with, reinforces, clarifies, or adds to the meaning of the verbal message enhances each other, like a facial expression used without thinking about it
contradicting the use of a nonverbal message that disagrees or conflicts with the verbal message sarcasm or someone crying and they say nothing is wrong
haptics the study of the communicative aspects of touch
human communication the process of one person stimulating meaning in the mind of another person by means of verbal and/or nonverbal messages
kinesics the study of the communicative aspects of gestures and bodily movements
nonverbal behavior any of a wide variety of human behaviors that also have the potential for being interpreted as a communicative message behaviors that have the potential for forming message
nonverbal immediacy an individual's nonverbal behavior that causes another person to have a feeling of physical or psychological closeness to that individual
oculesics the study of the communicative aspects of eye behavior
olfactics the study of the communicative aspects of scent and smell
proxemics the study of the communicative aspects of space
regulating the use of a nonverbal message to coordinate, manage, or regulate verbal interactions raising your hand when not in class
repeating the use of a nonverbal message to represent the content of the verbal message, but a repeated message can also stand alone and still stimulate the same meaning as a verbal message holding up two fingers while saying the word two
substituting the use of a nonverbal message in place of a verbal message pointing for someone to leave without saying a word
vocalics or paralanguage the communicative aspects of the voice
Linguistic Distinction presence/absence of language sign language you need to know if it is a language system or not for it to be linguistic
continuity distinction do the messages stop nonverbal messages do not stop
processing distinction left (logical) v. right (creative-nonverbal) brained
outcome distinction cognitive vs. affective (emotional) function saying i had a bad day vs. crying
absolute distinction implicit v. explicit meaning
interactions of verbal and nonverbal communication complementing, accenting, contradicting, repeating, regulating, substituting
categories of nonverbal communication physical appearance, kinesics, face & eye behavior (oculesics), vocalics/paralanguage, proxemics, haptics, environment, chronemics
Verbal communication tends to be explicit fully and clearly expressed
Nonverbal communication tends to be implicit implied
Created by: schaunag