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SOC111

chap1

QuestionAnswer
systemic study of human society and social interaction sociology
large social grouping that shares the same geographical terriotry and is subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations society
relationship in which the lives of all people are intertwined closely and any ones nations problems are part of a larger global problem global indepence
ability to see the relationship between individual experiences and the larger society sociological imagination
nations with highly industrialized economies high income countries or industrial countriesexamples: US, canada, Australia, NZ, japan
nations with industrializing economies, usually in urban areas middle income countries/ developing countries; developing countries
nations with little industralization and low levels of nation and personal income low income countries/ underdeveloped countries
process by which socities are transformed from depedence on agriculure and handmade productes to an empahsis on manufactuing and related industries industrialization
process by which an increasing proportion of a population lives in cities rather that in rural areas urbanization
belief that the world can best be understood through scientific inquiry. who created this? called positivism; Auguste Comte
herbert spencers belief that those species of animals, including humans best adapted to their enviroment surive and prosper, whereas those poorly adapted die out social darwinism
who believed a society would emerge if women and men were treated equally Harriet Martineau
Emilie Durkheims term for partterned ways of acting, thinking, and feeling that exist outside any one individual but that exert social control over each person social facts
Emilie Durkheims designation for a condition in which social control becomes ineffective as a result of the loss of shared values and of a sense of purpose in society anomie
anomie is likely to occur in a peroid of social change
who belived that conflict especially between social classes is necessary in order to produce social change and a better society Karl Marx
who acknowleged that economic intrests are important in shaping human action. and thought that economic systems were heavily infuenced by other factors in society Max Weber
a set of logically interrelated statements that attempts to describe, explain, and predict social events theory
the sociological approach that views society as a stable, ordely system functionalist perspectives
functions that are intended and or overtly recongized by the participants in a social unit manifest functions
unintended functions that are hidden and remain unacknowledged by partipants latent functions
the sociological approach that views groups in society as engaged in a countinous power struggle for control of scarce resources conflict perspective
an approach that examines whole societies, large-scale social structures and social systems macrolevel analysis
sociological theory and research that focus on small groups rather than on large-scale social structures microlevel analysis
society is the sum of interactions of individuals and groups symbolic interactionist perspectives
attempts to explain social life in modern societies that are characertized by postindustrialization, consumerism and global comunications post modern perspectives
statement of the expected relationship between two or more variables hypothesis
any concept with measureable traits or characteristics that can change or vary from one person, time, situation or society to another variable
in an experiment, that variable assumed to be the cuase of the relationship between variables independent variable
in an experiment, that variable assumed to be caused by the independent variables dependent variable
the extent to which a study or research instrament accurately measures what it is supposed to measure validity
the extent to which a study or research instrument yields consistent results when applied to different individuals at one time or to the same individuals over time reliablity
Created by: Mollie28
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