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Chap. 11 Vocab

Austral South
Southern Ocean The ocean that surrounds Antarctica
Subtropical Convergence A narrow transition zone, girding the globe at the approximately latitude 40S
West Wind Drift The clockwise movement of water as a current that circles around Antarctica in the Southern Ocean
Biogeography The study of flora and fauna in spatial perspective
Wallace’s Line The zoogeograhical boundary proposed by Alfred Russel Wallace that separates the marsupial fauna of Australia and New Guinea
Aboriginal population Native peoples; often used to designate the inhabitants of areas that conquered and subsequently colonized the the imperial powers of Europe
Federation A country adhering to political framework wherein a central government represents the various sub national entities within a nation-state
Unitary state A nation-state that has a centralized government and administration that exercises power equally over all parts of the state
Outback The name given by Australians to the vast, peripheral, sparsely settled interior of their country
Primary sector Activities engaged in the direct extraction of natural resources from the environment such as mining, fishing, lumbering, and especially agriculture
Environmental degradation The accumulated human abuse of a region’s natural landscape
El Niño A periodic, abnormal warming of sea surface in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean
Desalination The process of removing dissolved salts from water, thereby producing fresh water seawater or brackish water
Aboriginal land issue The legal campaign in which Australia’s indigenous peoples have claimed title to traditional land in several parts of that country
APEC The Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation forum
Peripheral development Spatial pattern in which a country’s or region’s development is most heavily concentrated along its outer edges rather than its interior
Disaster management Sub field of urban and regional planning that consists of four phases: hazard mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery
Created by: Pl240781
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