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PSCh01

Speaking with Confidence

QuestionAnswer
Public speaking is important because it gives you two fundamental skills... empowerment and employment
empowerment Having resources, information and attitudes that lead to action to achieve a desired goal
Top skill valued by employers are (2) Spoken communication skills and interpersonal skills
Differences between public speaking and conversation Public speaking is planned and formal, where the roles of public speaker and audience are clearly defined
Similarities between public speaking and conversation both involve vocalized thoughts; words are spoken and nonverbal behavior is expressed, and both involve adapting messages to listeners
Communication can be thought of as a linear action with five main elements: Source, message, channels, receiver, and noise
Source The public speaker
encode To translate ideas and images into verbal or nonverbal symbols
code A verbal or nonverbal symbol for an idea or image
message The content of a speech and the mode of its delivery
decode To translate verbal or nonverbal symbols into ideas and images
channel The visual and auditory means by which a message is transmitted from sender to receiver
receiver A listener or an audience member
external noise Physical sounds that interfere with communication
internal noise Physiological or psychological interference with communication
feedback Verbal and nonverbal responses provided by an audience to a speaker
context The environment or situation in which a speech occurs
Communication is an interaction involving two processes: feedback and context
Rhetoric The use of words and symbols to achieve a goal
Declamation The delivery of an already famous speech
Elocution the expression of emotion through posture, movement, gestures, facial expression and voice
Time period was the fourth century B.C. when... Greek rhetoric flourishes, its the age of Aristotle
Time period was the fifteenth century when... European clergy are the primary practitioners of public speaking.
Time period was the eighteenth century when... American patriots make impassioned public pleas for independence
Time period was the nineteenth century when... Abolitionists and suffragists speak out for change; frontier lecture circuits flourish
Time period was the twentieth century when... Electronic media make possible vast audiences.
Time period was the twenty-first century when... A new era of speechmaking begins, using rapidly evolving technology and media, but drawing on a rich heritage of providing information, influencing thought and action, entertaining and paying tribute via the spoken word.
Understanding Your Nervousness You are going to feel more nervous than you look, almost every speaker gets a little nervous, anxiety can be useful
Building your confidence: (4) Don't procrastinate, know your audience, select an appropriate topic and be prepared
Things to do with your speech to make it work better: (3) develop and deliver a well-organized speech, know your introduction and your conclusion, re-create the speech environment when you practice.
What to do with your nervousness: (2) Use deep-breathing techniques, channel your nervous energy
Staying positive to keep confidant: (5) Visualize your succes, give yourself a mental pep talk, focus on our message rather that on your fear and look for positive support in the audience, and after speaking focus on what you have accomplished not your anxiety
Created by: kccroy
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