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Key terms 8

Monsoon Refers to the seasonal reversal of wind and moisture flows in certain parts of the subtropics and lower-middle latitudes.
Indo-European languages The major world language family that dominates the European geographic realm.
Dravidian languages The language family, indigenous to the South Asian realm, that dominates southern India today
Partition The subdivision of the British Indian Empire into India and Pakistan at the end of colonial rule on August 15, 1947
Forward capital (Brasília) Capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory, usually near an international border; it confirms the state’s determination to maintain its presence in the area of contention.
Population density The number of people per unit area
Physiologic density The number of people per unit area of arable land.
Demographic transition Multi-stage model, based on western Europe’s experience, of changes in population growth exhibited by countries undergoing industrialization.
Fertility rate More precisely the Total Fertility Rate, it is the average number of children born to women of childbearing age in a given population.
Population pyramid Graphic representation or profile of a national population according to age and gender
Sex ratio A demographic indicator showing the ratio of males to females in a given population
Communal tension Persistent stress among a country’s sociocultural groups that can often erupt into communal violence, particularly in India.
Hindutva The cornerstone of a fundamentalist movement that has been gaining strength since the late twentieth century that seeks to remake India as a society dominated by Hindu principles.
Caste system The strict social stratification and residential segregation of people—specifically in India’s Hindu society—on the basis of ancestry and occupation.
Outsourcing obtain (goods or a service) from an outside or foreign supplier, especially in place of an internal source.
Non-governmental organization A legitimate organization that operates independently from any form of government and does not function as a for-profit business
Micro-credit Small loans extended to poverty-stricken borrowers who would not otherwise qualify for them
Buffer state A country or set of countries separating ideological or political adversaries
Taliban the Islamist militia group that emerged from madrassas in Pakistan and ruled neighboring Afghanistan between 1996 and 2001; it has been trying to regain control of that country in its continuing conflict with U.S.led NATO troops.
Al-Qaeda The terrorist organization that evolved into an expanding global network under the directorship of Usama bin Laden between the mid-1990s and his elimination by the U.S. in 2011.
Rising sea level One of the expected major impacts of global climate change on the world ocean resulting from the large-scale melting of Arctic and Antarctic ice.
Drone warfare The use of remote-controlled unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) as delivery systems to conduct military attacks
Created by: Ryan_Wohl
Popular Geography sets




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