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Unit 5 Vocabulary

Unit 5 Russia and the Republics Vocabulary World Geography Period 9

Baltic Republics The countries of Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia, located on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea
Czar The emperor of Russia prior to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the subsequent creation of the Soviet Union in 1922
Russian revolution The revolt of 1917 , in which the Russian communist party, led by V.I. Lenin, took control of the government from the czars
USSR The Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics, or Soviet Union, formed in 1922 by the communists and officially dissolved in 1991
Cold War The conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II, called :cold” because it never escalated into open warfare
Command economy A type of economic system in which production of goods and services is determined by a central government, which usually owns the means of production. Also called a planned economy
Collective farm An enormous farm in the Soviet Union on which a large team for laborers were gathered to work together during Joseph Stalin’s reign
Red Army The name of the Soviet Union’s military
Supra Georgian (Russian) term for dinner party, with many dishes and courses, toasts, and short speeches
Silk Road The 4,000-mile route between China and the Mediterranean Sea, named for the costly silk acquired in China
Great Game A struggle between the British Empire and the Russian Empire for control of Central Asia in the 19th century.
Nomad A person with no permanent home who moves according to the seasons from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing land.
Yurt A tent of CentralAsia’s nomads
Chernozem Black topsoil, one of the world’s most fertile soils
Transcaucasia A region that consists of the republics of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia; located between the Caucasus Mountains and the borders of Turkey and Iran
Siberia A region of central and eastern Russia , stretching from he Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean, known for its mineral resources and for being a place of political exile.
Central Asia A region that includes the republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan
Eurasia The combined continent of Europe and Asia
Ural Mountains The mountain ranges that separate the Northern European and West Siberian plains and are used as the dividing line between Europe and Asia
Continentality A region’s distance from the moderating influence of the sea.
Created by: Pl211771
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