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Chapter 9

QuestionAnswer
Tsunami A seismic (earthquake-generated) sea wave that can attain gigantic proportions and cause coastal devastation. Examples: The tsunami of December 26, 2004 near Indonesia, the tsunami of 2011 in Japan
South-to-North Water Diversion Project The PRC’s inter-basin water transfer scheme (the world’s largest) to deliver massive quantities of fresh water from the Huang He and Chiang Jiang river systems to the burgeoning urban areas of northern China that face severe water shortages.
Dynasty A succession of Chinese rulers that came from the same line of male descent, sometimes enduring for centuries. Dynastic rule in China lasted for thousands of years, only coming to an end in 1911.
Sinicization Giving a Chinese cultural imprint; Chinese acculturation. See also Hanification.
Hanification Cultural imprint by ethnic Chinese. Within China refers to increasing migration of Han Chinese into the country’s periphery, Xinjiang/Xizang. Overseas Chinese imprints, generally referred to as Sinicization, most importantly in the SE Asian realm.
Asian Tiger A tiger economy is a term used to describe several booming economies in SE Asia- typically include Singapore, Hong Kong, S. Korea....The economic growth in each of the countries is usually export-led but with sophisticated financial and trading markets.
High-value-added goods Products of improved net worth.
One-Child Policy Chinese population control policy initiated in 1970s that proscribed (and enforced) a limit of one child per family of most population groups. This policy, ended in 2016, had become increasingly controversial over the past decade.
Gender imbalance The demographic imbalance of males outnumbering females resulting from selective birth control. In China, this is an outcome of the One-Child Policy.
Dependency ratio An indicator of the pressure on a country’s workers, the age-population ratio of (dependent) people who are not in the labor force to those (productive) people who are in the labor force.
Floating population China’s huge mass of mobile workers who respond to shifting employment needs within the country. Most are temporary urban dwellers with restricted residency rights, whose movements are controlled by the hukou system.
Hugo system system A longstanding Chinese system whereby all inhabitants must obtain and carry with them residency permits that indicate where an individual is from and where they may exercise particular rights such as education, health care, housing, and the like.
Special Economic Zone (SEZ) system A longstanding Chinese system whereby all inhabitants must obtain and carry with them residency permits that indicate where an individual is from and where they may exercise particular rights such as education, health care, housing, and the like.
Overseas Chinese 50 million ethnic Chinese live outside China. 2/3 live in SE Asia - successful. Large number maintain links to China + as investors played a major economic role in stimulating the growth of SEZs + Open Cities in China’s Pacific Rim.
Economic geography The economic benefits of forging supranational partnerships among three or more countries. The European Union (EU) is the prototype; NAFTA and CARICOM are examples in the Middle American realm.
Foreign direct investment A key indicator of the success of an emerging market economy, whose growth is accelerated by the infusion of foreign funds to supplement domestic sources of investment capital.
Urban system A hierarchical network or grouping of urban areas within a finite geographic area, such as a country.
New Silk Road CH project: forge an overland routeway of high-speed railroads to link East Asia to Europe via Central Asia. “Eurasian land bridge”— general alignment of the fabled ancient Silk Road traversed by Marco Polo from the Mediterranean Basin to medieval China.
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor A major future trade route that aligns with China’s New Silk Road, its centerpiece is a bundled routeway of ultramodern rail, road, and pipeline connections expected to spawn various development nodes within the corridor, mostly in Pakistan.
Buffer state Country/set of countries separating ideological/political adversaries. S. Asia: Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan were parts set up between British+Russian-Chinese imperial spheres. Thailand was a buffer state between British+French colonial domains in SE Asia.
Nightlight map Map that displays the nighttime distribution of artificial lighting in a given area, a good surrogate for the area’s level of development.
Regional complementarity Exists when a pair of regions, through an exchange of raw materials and/or finished products, can specifically satisfy each other’s demands.
State capitalism Government-controlled corporations competing under free-market conditions, usually in a tightly regimented society.
Conurbation General term used to identify a large multimetropolitan complex formed by the coalescence of two or more major urban areas.
Demographic burden The proportion of a national population that is either too old or too young to be productive and that must be cared for by the productive population.
Technopole A planned techno-industrial complex (such as California’s Silicon Valley) that innovates, promotes, and manufactures the products of the postindustrial information economy.
One Nation-Two Systems The arrangement under which capitalist Hong Kong functions within the PRC’s communist economic system. Widely seen as a model for the future reunification of Taiwan with mainland China.
Created by: fevonderheydt
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