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Lower Federal Courts

Mr. Felderman

a division of trial court (federal and state) serving specific geographic area, with any one judge usually required to hear and decide case District Court
a group of citizens (usually 16-23 people) that decides whether there is sufficient evidence to accuse someone of a crime Grand Jury
a jury of 6 to 12 persons who determine guilt or innocence in a civil or criminal action Petit Jury
higher court than a district court but below supreme court Federal Court of Appeals
12 regions of the United States, each has one appellate court Judical Circuits
Has nine judges, one of whom is the chief judge. It hears civil cases arising out of tariff and other trade-related laws. Court of International Trade
the court which hears cases against the United States, involving payment due from the US United States Claims Court
federal specialty court which hears taxpayers challenges to tax deficiency determinations issued by the IRS United States Tax Court
The "GI Supreme Court", the highest appeals court for the US Military Court of Military Appeals
the courts that handle cases in the Virgin Islands, Guam, and and the Nothern mariana Islands, and Puerto Rico Territorial Courts
courts that deal with criminal cases within the national's capital Courts of the District of Columbia
the court that hears appeals that from the Board of Veterans Court of Veteran's Appeals
Created by: felderman