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FST4 Vocabulary


Accountability The process of requiring students to demonstrate understanding of the topics they study as measured by standardized tests, as well as holding educators responsible for students' performance.
Extrinsic rewards Rewards that come from outside oneself, such as job security and vacations.
Professionalism An occupation characterized by a specialized body of knowledge with emphasis on autonomy, decision making, reflection and ethical standards for conduct.
Assessment How student understanding is measured.
High-stakes test Assessments that states and districts use to determine whether or not students will advance from one grade to another, graduate from high school, or have access to specific fields of study.
Reflection The process of teachers' thinking about and analyzing their work to assess their effectiveness.
Autonomy The capacity to control one's own professional life.
Intrinsic rewards Rewards that come from within oneself and are personally satisfying for emotional or intellectual reasons.
Reforms Suggested changes in teaching and teacher preparation intended to increase the amount students learn.
Curriculum The knowledge and skills that teachers teach and students are supposed to learn.
Merit pay A supplement to a teacher's base salary intended to reward superior performance or work in a high need area.
Standards Statements specifying what students should know and what skills they should have upon completing an area of study.
Decision-making Problem solving in ill-defined situations, based upon professional knowledge.
Portfolio A collection of representative works.
Technician A person who uses specific skills to complete well-defined tasks.
Ethics Set of moral standards for acceptable professional behavior.
Professional portfolio A collection of representative work materials to document developing knowledge and skills.
Academy A secondary school that focused on the practical needs of colonial America as a growing nation.
Head Start A federally compensatory education program designed to help 3 to 5 year old disadvantaged children enter school ready to learn.
Progressive education An educational philosophy emphasizing curricula that focus on real world problem solving and individual development.
Assimilation A process of socializing people so that they adopt dominant social norms and patterns of behavior.
Junior high schools Schools that were originally designed in the early 1900's to provide a unique academic curriculum to early adolescent youth.
Separate but equal A policy of segregating minorities. In education, evidenced by separate schools with different curricula, teaching methods, teachers and resources.
Character education A character approach to developing student morality suggesting that moral values and positive character traits , such as honesty and citizenship, should be emphasized, taught and rewarded.
Latin grammar school A college preparatory school originally designed to help boys prepare for the ministry or, later, for a career in law.
Title I A federal compensatory education program that funds supplemental education services for low-income students in elementary and secondary schools.
Common school movement A historical attempt to make education available to all children in the United States.
Magnet schools Public schools that provide innovative or specialized programs that attempt to attract students from all parts of a district.
Vouchers A check or written document that parents can use to purchase educational services.
Compensatory education programs Government attempts to create more equal educational opportunities for disadvantaged youth.
Middle schools Schools, typically for grades 6-8, specifically designed to help students through the rapid social, emotional, and intellectual characteristics of early adolescence.
War on Poverty A general term for federal programs designed to eradicate poverty during the 1960's.
Comprehensive high school A secondary school that attempts to meet the needs of all students by housing them together and providing curricular options geared toward a variety of student ability levels and interests.
Normal schools Two-year institutions developed in the 1800's to prepare prospective elementary teachers.
English classical school A free secondary school designed to meet the needs of boys not planning to attend college.
Old Deluder Satan Act Early colonial law designed to create scripture-literate citizens who would thwart Satan's trickery.
Block grants Federal monies provided to states and school districts with few restrictions on use.
Principal The individual who has the ultimate administrative responsibility for the schools' operation.
State tuition tax-credit plans A variation on school voucher programs in which parents are given tax credits for money they spend on private school tuition.
Categorical grants Monies targeted for specific groups and designated purposes.
School district An administrative unit within a state, defined by geographical boundaries,and legally responsible for the public education of children within those boundaries.
Superintendent The school districts' head administrative officer, along with his or her staff, responsible for implementing that policy in the districts' schools.
Charter schools Alternative schools that are independently operated but publicly funded.
Site-based decision making A school management reform movement that attempts to place increased responsibility for governance at the individual school level.
Voucher A check or written document that parents can use to purchase educational services.
Homeschooling An educational option in which parents educate their children at home.
State board of education The legal governing body that exercises general control and supervision of the schools in the state.
Local school board A group of elected lay citizens responsible for setting policies that determine how a school district operates.
State office of education Office responsible for implementing a states' education policy on a day to day basis.
Assimilation A process of socializing people so that they adopt dominant social norms and patterns of behavior.
Immersion programs Language program that emphasizes rapid transition to English.
Sexual harassment Unwanted and/or unwelcome sexual behavior that interferes with a students' sense of well-being.
Caring A teachers' investment in the protection development of the young people in his or her classes.
Latchkey children Children who go home to empty houses after school and who are left alone until parents arrive home from work.
Single-gender classes and schools Classes and schools where girls and boys are segregated for all or part of the day.
Culturally-responsive teaching Instruction that acknowledges and communicates cultural diversity.
Learning style Students' personal approach to learning, problem solving, and processing information.
Socioeconomic status The combination of family income, parents' occupation, and the level of parents education.
Culture The knowledge, attitudes, values, customs, and behavior patterns that characterize a social group.
Middle class Socioeconomic level that is composed of managers, administrators, and white collar workers who perform non-manual work.
Students placed at-risk Students in danger of failing to complete their education with the skills necessary to survive in modern society.
English as a second language (ESL) programs Students whose first language is not English and who need help in learning to read, speak and write in English.
Multicultural education A general term that describes a variety of strategies schools use to accommodate cultural differences in teaching and learning,
Underclass People with low incomes who continually struggle with economic problems.
Ethnicity A persons' ancestry; the way individuals identify themselves with the nation from which they or their ancestors came.
Resilient students Students placed at-risk who have been able to rise above adverse conditions to succeed in school and other aspects of life.
Upper class The socioeconomic class composed of highly educated , highly paid, professionals who make up about 5% of the population.
Simulation Programs, either in software or Web-based that model a system or process.
Bulletin board An electronic message center for a given topic.
Tutorial A software program that delivers an entire integrated instructional sequence similar to a teachers' instruction o the topic.
Distance education Organized instructional programs in which teachers and students, though physically separated, are connected through technology.
Problem-based learning A instructional strategy that uses a problem and the data gathered in attempts to solve it as the focal point of a lesson.
Created by: Janaco
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