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Chap. 4 Geo Vocab

TermDefinition
Transition Zone An area of spatial change where the peripheries of two adjacent realms or regions join
GIS A form of spatial a analysis that integrates computer hardware, mapping software, and such specialized tools as models and algorithms
Digital Elevation Model A representation of a unit terrain obtained from remote sensing imagery
Land hemisphere The half of the globe containing the greatest amount of land surface, centered on Western Europe
City-state An independent political entity consisting of a single city with an immediate hinterland
Local functional specialization A hallmark of Europe’s economic geography that later spread to many other parts of the world
Industrial Revolution The term applied to the social and economic changes in agriculture, commerce, and especially manufacturing and urbanization that resulted from technological innovations
Sovereignty Controlling power and influence over a territory, especially by the government of an autonomous state over the people it rules
Nation - state A country whose population possesses a suntan degree of cultural homogeneity and unity
Nation Legally a term encompassing all the citizens of a state, it also has other connotations
Indo-European language family The major world language family that dominates the European geographic realm
Complementarity Exists when two regions, though an exchange of raw materials and/or finished products, can specifically satisfy each other’s demands
Transferability The capacity to move a good from one place to another at a bearable cost
Central business district The downtown heart of a central city; marked by high land values, concentration of business and commerce
Centrifugal forces A term employed to design forces that tend to divide a country— such as internal religious, linguistic, ethic, and a common faith
Centripetal forces Forces that untie a country together — such as a strong national culture shared ideological objectives, and a common faith
Supranationalism A venture involving three or more states — political, economic, and/or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives
Euro Zone The 19 countries whose official currency is the euro
Schengen area The territory constituted by most of Europe’s countries within which people are free to cross international boundaries without formal border checks
Four Motors of Europe High technology region marked by exceptional industrial vitality and economic success not only in Europe but on the global scene as well
Devolution The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the government
Asylum Legally residency status; usually granted by a host country to immigrants fleeing homeland
Microstate A sovereign state that contains a minuscule land area and population.
Urban system A hierarchical network or grouping of urban areas within a finite geographic area, such as a country
Primate city A country’s largest city — ranking atop its urban hierarchy
Site The internal locational attributes of an urban center, including its local spatial organization and physical setting
Situation The external locational attributes of an urban center; it’s relative location position with reference to other non-local places
Estuary The widening mouth of a river as it reaches the sea
Conurbation General term used to identify a large multi metropolitan complex formed by the coalescence of two or more major urban areas
Land locked location An interior state wholly surrounded by land
World city A large city particularly significant international linkages that also has a high ranking in the global urban system
Metropolis Urban agglomeration consisting of a city and its suburban ring
Break of bulk A location along a transport route where goods must be transformed from one carrier to another
Entrepôt A place, usually a port city, where goods are imported, stored and trans shipped
Shatter belt Region caught between stronger, colliding external cultural political forces, under persistent stress and often fragmented by aggressive rivals
Balkanization The fragmentation of a region into smaller, often hostile political units
Irredentism A policy of cultural extension and potential political expansion by a state aimed at a community of its national living in a neighboring state
Exclave A bounded piece of territory that is part of a particular of a particular state but lies separated from it by the territory of another
Created by: Pl240781
 

 



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