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Chapter 4 Vocab

Transition Zone An area of spatial change where the peripheries of two adjacent realms or regions join, marked by a gradual shift than a sharp break.
Geographic Information System A form of spatial analysis that integrates computer hardware, mapping software, and such specialized tools as models and algorithms.
Digital Elevation Model A representation of a unit of terrain obtained from remote sensing imagery.
Land Hemisphere The half of the globe containing the greatest amount of land surface, centered on western Europe.
City-State An independent political entity consisting of a single city and sometimes without an immediate hinterland.
Local Functional Specialization A hallmark of Europe's economic geography that later spread to many other parts of the world, whereby particular people in particular places concentrate on the production of particular goods and services.
Industrial Revolution The term applied to the social and economic changes in agriculture, commerce, and especially manufacturing and urbanization that resulted from technological innovations and greater specialization in late eighteenth century Europe.
Sovereignty Controlling power and influence over a territory, especially by the government of an autonomous state over the people it rules.
Nation-State A country whose population possesses a substantial degree of cultural homogeneity and unity.
Nation Legally a term encompassing all the citizens of a state, it also has other connotations.
Indo European Language Family The major world language family that dominates the European geographic realm.
Complementary One area produces a surplus of commodity required by another area.
Transferability The ease with which a commodidty can be trasported by producer to consumer.
Central Business District This is where most of the business activity takes place in a city.
Centrifugal Forces The strength of a division.
Centripetal Forces The binding, unifying, glue of the state or region.
Supranationalism The voluntary association in economic, political, or cultural spheres of independent states willing to yield some measure of sovereignty for their mutual benifit.
Euro Zone The 19 countries whose official currency is the Euro.
Schengen Area Compromised out of 26 EU countries that have abolished internal border controls and that have a single visa policy for non EU visitors.
Four motors of Europe France, Germany, Spain, and Italy. Each is a high technology driven region marked by exceptional industrial vitality and economic success not only within Europe but on the global scene as well.
Devolution The powerful centrifugal forces whereby regions or people within a state, through negotiation or active rebellion, demand and gain political strength and sometimes the autonomy at the expense of the center.
Asylum Legally protected residency status
Microstate A sovereign state that contains a minuscule land area and population.
Urban System A hierarchical network or grouping of urban areas within a finite geographic area, such as a country.
Primate City A country's largest city, ranking atop its urban hierarchy-most expressive of the national culture and usually the capital city as well.
Site The internal location attributes of an urban center, including its local spatial organization and physical setting.
Situation The external locational attributes of an urban center; its relative location or regional position with reference to other non local places.
Estuary The tidal mouth of a large river, where the tide meets the stream. Contains brackish water(half salt/half fresh water)
Conurbation General term used to identify a large multimetropolitan complex formed by the coalescence of two or more major urban areas.
Landlocked Location An interior state wholly surrounded by land.
World City A hierarchical network or grouping of urban areas within a finite geographic area, such as a country.
Metropolis Urban agglomeration consisting of a central city and its suburban ring.
Break of Bulk A location along a transport route where goods must be transferred from one carrier to another.
Entrepot A place, usually a port city, where goods are imported, stored, and transshipped; a breaking of bulk point.
shatter belt Region caught between stronger, colliding external cultural-political forces, under persistent stress, and often fragmented by aggressive rivals.
Balkanization The fragmentation of a region into smaller, often hostile political units.
Irredentism A policy of cultural extension and potential political expansion by a state aimed at the community of its nationals living in a neighboring state.
Enclave A bound piece of territory that is part of a particular state but lies separate from it by the territory of another state.
Created by: pl251791
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