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COS CH10

TermDefinition
Beau's lines Visible depressions running across the width of the natural nail plate; usually a result of major illness or injury that has traumatized the body.
Bruised Nail Beds Condition in which a blood clot forms under the nail plate
Discolored Nails Nails turn a variety of colors; may indicate surface staining
Eggshell nails Noticeably thin
Hangnail Also known as agnail; a condition in which the living tissue surrounding the nail plate splits or tears.
Leukonychia spots Also known as white spots; whitish discolorations of the nails
Melanonychia Darkening of the fingernails or toenails; may be seen as a black band within the nail plate
Nail disorder Condition caused by an injury or disease of the nail unit.
Nail psoriasis A noninfectious condition that affects the surface of the natural nail plate causing tiny pts or severe roughness on the surface of the nail plate.
Nail pterygium Abnormal condition that occurs when the skin is stretched by the nail plate; usually caused by serious injury
Onychia Inflammation of the nail matrix
Onychocryptosis Also known as ingrown nails; nail grows into the sides of the tissue around the nail.
Onycholysis Lifting of the nail plate from the nail bed without shedding
Onychonadesis The separation and falling off of a nail plate from the nail bed; affects fingernails and toenails.
Onychonycosis Fungal infection of the natural nail plate.
Onychophagy Also known as bitten nails; result of a habit of chewing the nail or chewing the hardened skin surrounding the nail plate.
Onychorrhexis Split or brittle nails that have a series of lengthwise ridges giving a rough appearance to the surface of the nail plate.
Onychosis Any deformity or disease of the natural nails.
Paronychia Bacterial inflammation of the tissues surrounding the nail causing pus
Pincer nail Also known as trumpet nail; increased crosswise curvature throughout the nail plate caused by an increased curvature of the matrix. The edges of the nail plate may curl around to form the shape of a trumpet or sharp cone at the free edge.
Plicatured nail Also known as folded nail; a type of highly curved nail usually caused by injury to the matrix
Pseudomonas aeruginseosa One of several common bacterial that can cause nail infection.
Pyogenic granuloma Severe inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the nail plate.
Ridges Vertical lines running through the length of the natural nail plate that are caused by uneven growth of the nail
Splinter hemorrhages Hemorrhages caused by trauma or injury to the nail bed that damage the capillaries and allow small amounts of blood flow.
Tinea pedis Medical term for fungal infections of the feet; red
Blue Fingernails Sometimes called furrows (FUR-ohs) or corrugations (kor-uh-GAY-shuns); visible depressions running across the width of the natural nail plate; usually a result of major illness or injury that has traumatized the body.
koilonychia Soft spoon nails with a concave shape that appear scooped out.
onychauxis Thickening of nails.
onychogryposis Also known as ram's horn or claw nails; an enlargement of the fingernails or toenails accompanied by increased thickening and curvature.
Created by: cvis
 

 



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