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acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) A disease that breaks down the body's immune system. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
acquired immunity Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease
allergy Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods
antiseptics Chemical germicide formulated for use on skin; registered and regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
asymptomatic Showing no symptoms or signs of infection.
bacilli Singular: bacillus. Short
bacteria One-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful; some are harmless.
bacterial spores Bacteria capable of producing a protective coating that allows them to withstand very harsh environments
bactericidal Capable of destroying bacter
binary fission The division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells.
biofilms Colonies of bacteria that adhere together and adhere to environmental surface.
bloodborne pathogens Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood or body fluids
chelating soaps Also known as chelating detergents; they break down stubborn films and remove the residue of pedicure products such as scrubs
clean (cleaning) A mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap and water or detergent and water to remove all visible dirt
cocci Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups. The three types of cocci are staphylococci
contagious disease Also known as communicable disease; disease that is spread from one person to another person. Some of the more contagious diseases are the common cold
contamination The presence
decontamination The removal of blood and all other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface
diagnosis Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms and/or diagnostic tests. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing a diagnosis.
diplococci Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia.
direct transmission Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands)
disease An abnormal condition of all or part of the body
disinfectants Chemical products approved by the EPA designed to destroy most bacteria (excluding spores)
disinfection (disinfecting) A chemical process that destroys most
efficacy The ability to produce an effect.
exposure incident Contact with non-intact (broken) skin
flagella Slender
folliculitis barbae Synonym tinea barbae (TIN-ee-uh BAR-bee). Also known as barbers itch
fungi Single-cell organisms that grow in irregular masses that include molds
fungicidal Capable of destroying fungi.
hepatitis A bloodborne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver.
hospital disinfectants Disinfectants that are effective for cleaning blood and body fluids.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus Abbreviated HIV; virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
human papilloma virus Abbreviated HPV; a virus that causes warts in humans
immunity The ability of the body to destroy and resist infection. Immunity against disease can be either natural or acquired
indirect transmission Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object such as a razor
infection The invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens.
infection control Are the methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organisms.
infectious Caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection.
infectious disease Disease caused by pathogenic (harmful) microorganisms that enter the body. An infectious disease may be spread from one person to another person.
inflammation A condition in which the body reacts to injury
local infection An infection
Material Safety Data Sheet Abbreviated MSDS; replaced by Safety Data Sheet; information compiled by the manufacturer about product safety
methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Abbreviated MRSA; a type of infectious bacteria that is highly resistant to conventional treatments due to incorrect doses or choice of antibiotic.
microorganism Any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size.
mildew A type of fungus that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects
motility Self-movement.
multiuse items Also known as reusable items; items that can be cleaned
Mycobacterium fortuitum A microscopic germ that normally exists in tap water in small numbers.
natural immunity Immunity that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living.
nonpathogenic Harmless microorganisms that may perform useful functions and are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause disease or harm.
nonporous An item that is made or constructed of a material that has no pores or openings and cannot absorb liquids.
occupational disease Illness resulting from conditions associated with employment
parasites Organisms that grow
parasitic disease Disease caused by parasites
pathogenic Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body.
pathogenic disease Disease produced by organisms
phenolic disinfectants Powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants. They are a form of formaldehyde
porous Made or constructed of a material that has pores or openings. Porous items are absorben
pus A fluid created by infection.
quaternary ammonium compounds Products made of quaternary ammonium cations and are designed for disinfection on nonporous surfaces. They are appropriate for use in non-critical (non-invasive) environments and are effective against most pathogens of concern in the salon environment.
Safety Data Sheet Abbreviated SDS; required by law for all products sold. SDSs include safety information about products compiled by the manufacturer
sanitizing A chemical process for reducing the number of disease-causing germs on cleaned surfaces to a safe level.
scabies A contagious skin disease that is caused by the itch mite
single-use items Items that cannot be used more than once. These items cannot be properly cleaned so that all visible residue is removed—such as pumice stones used for pedicures—or they are damaged or contaminated by cleaning and disinfecting.
sodium hypochlorite Common household bleach; an effective disinfectant for the salon.
spirilla Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that cause diseases such as syphilis and Lyme disease.
Standard Precautions Abbreviated SP; precautions such as wearing personal protective equipment to prevent skin and mucous membranes where contact with a client's blood
staphylococci Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses
sterilization The process that completely destroys all microbial life
streptococci Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning.
systemic infection Infection that affects the body as a whole
tinea barbae A superficial fungal infection caused by a variety of dermatophytes that commonly affects the skin. It is primarily limited to the bearded areas of the face and neck or around the scalp. A person with this condition may have deep
tinea capitis A fungal infection of the scalp characterized by red papules
tinea pedis A ringworm fungus of the foot.
toxins Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses).
tuberculocidal disinfectants Disinfectants that kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis.
tuberculosis A disease caused by bacteria that are transmitted through coughing or sneezing.
virucidal Capable of destroying viruses.
virus A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms.
Created by: cvis
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