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Ch. 3.3 "O" in SOAP

Observation & Discovery Terms

Flat, nonpalpable (primary lesions) 1. macule, macula (freckle) -> small, flat, discolored area 2. patch (vitiligo) -> larger, flat, discolored area
Elevated, palpable, solid mass (primary lesions) 1. papule -> small solid mass 2. plaque -> solid mass on surface of skin 3. nodule -> solid mass extends deeper into skin 4. tumor -> larger solid mass
Elevated, fluid-filled (primary lesions) 1. vesicle -> smaller blister 2. bulla -> larger blister 3. pustule -> pus-filled blister 4. abscess -> localized collection of pus in body
Loss of skin surface (secondary lesions) 1. erosion -> loss of skin 2. ulcer -> sore 3. excoriation -> scratch 4. fissure -> crack in skin 5. scale -> skin flaking off
Material on skin surface 1. crust -> dried substance (blood, pus) on skin
Vascular lesions 1. vascular lesion -> wounds related to blood vessels 2. cherry angioma -> small blood vessel tumor 3. telangiectasia (spider angioma) -> overexpansion of end of a blood vessel...may look like a spider on the skin 4. petechia -> small bruise
Vascular lesions (continued) 5. ecchymosis -> larger bruise 6. cicatrix -> scar 7. keloid -> overgrowth of scar tissue
Epidermal tumors 1. epidermal tumors -> tumors on skin 2. nevus -> mole 3. dysplastic nevus -> mole with bad changes/formations (often precancerous) 4. verruca -> wart
Diagnostic procedures 1. culture&sensitivity (C&S) -> growing microorganisms in isolation to determine which drugs they might respond to 2. biopsy (Bx) -> removal of tissue in order to examine it (with your own two eyes)
Diagnostic procedures (continued) 3. excisional biopsy -> removal of entire lesion for examination (to cut it OUT) 4. incisional biopsy -> removal of a portion of a lesion for examination (to cut INTO it) 5. dermatoscope -> instrument used to look at skin
Diagnostic procedures (continued again) 6. dermoscopy -> procedure for looking at skin
Pathology 1. adipocele -> hernia filled w/ fatty tissue 2. dermatofibroma -> fibrous skin tumor 3. erythrocyanosis -> red and/or blue discoloration of skin 4. keratogenic -> causing horny tissue development 5. keratosis -> horny tissue condition
Pathology (continued) 6. necrosis -> tissue death 7. onychia -> nail condition 8. onychocryptosis -> ingrown nail 9. onycholysis -> loss of a nail 10. onychomalacia -> abnormal softening of nail 11. onychopathy -> nail disease 12. onychophagia -> eating/biting the nail
Pathology (continued again) 13. pachyderma -> tough skin 14. paronychia -> condition of tissue around the nail 15. steatoma -> fatty tumor 16. xanthoma -> yellow tumor
Created by: TheMWord19



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