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WGh Middle America
|Primate city (and an example)
|A country’s largest city—ranking atop its urban hierarchy—most expressive of the national culture and usually (but not in every case) the capital city as well. Mexico City (la Ciudad de México/el Distrito Federal/el DF) is an example of a primate city.
|The North American Free Trade Association. The free-trade area launched in 1994 involving the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
|The term given to modern industrial plants in Mexico’s U.S. border zone. These foreign-owned factories assemble imported components and/or raw materials, and then export finished manufactures, mainly to the United States.
|A narrow isthmian link between two large landmasses. They are temporary features - at least when measured in geologic time - subject to appearance and disappearance as the land or sea level rises and falls.
|A set of islands grouped closely together, usually elongated into a chain.
|The most frequent pathway followed by tropical storms and hurricanes over the past 150 years in their generally westward movement across the Caribbean Basin.
|Vertical regions defined by physical-environmental zones at various elevations, particularly in the highlands of South and Middle America.
|The clearing and destruction of tropical rainforests I order to make way for expanding settlement frontiers and the exploitation of new economics opportunists.
|Heartland, source area, or innovation center; place of origin of a major culture.
|Derived from the Latin word for "mixed," refers to a person of mixed European (white) and Amerindian ancestry.
|Literally, a large estate in a Spanish-speaking country. Sometimes equated with the plantation, but there are important differences between these two types of agricultural enterprise.
|A large estate owned by an individual, family, or corporation and organized to produce a cash crop. Almost all plantations were established within the tropics; in recent decades, many have been divided into smaller holdings or reorganized as cooperatives.
|Small-island developing economies
|The additional disadvantages faced by lower-income island-states because of their often small territorial size and populations as well as overland inaccessibility.
|Cultural modification resulting form intercultural borrowing. In cultural geography, the term refers to the change that occurs in the culture of indigenous people when contact is made with society that is technologically superior.
|Cultural borrowing and two-way exchanges that occur when different cultures of approximately equal complexity and technological level come into close contact.
|Mexican farmland redistributed to peasant communities after the Revolution of 1910-1917. The government holds title to the land, but user rights are parceled out to village communities and then to individuals to for cultivation.
|Money earned by emigrants that is sent back to family and friends in their home country, mostly in cash; forms an important par of the economy in poorer countries.
|Term referring to financial havens for foreign companies and individuals, who channel their earnings to accounts in such country (usually an "offshore" island-state) to avoid paying taxes in their home countries.
|In a layered or stratified society, the population is divided into a hierarchy of social classes. In an industrialized society, the working class is at the lower end; elites that posses capital and control that means of production are at the upper level.
|A person of mixed African (black) and European (white) ancestry.