Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

chapter 3

Unity of place The great German natural scientist Alexander von Humboldt’s notion that in a particular locale or region intricate connections exist among climate, geology, biology, and human cultures. This laid the foundation for modern geography.
indigenous people Aboriginal or native; an example would be the pre-Columbian inhabitants of the Americas.
altiplano High-elevation plateau, basin, or valley between even higher mountain ranges, especially in the Andes of South America.
land alienation One society or culture group taking land from another.
liberation theology A religious movement that arose in South America during the 1950s, and subsequently gained followers throughout the global periphery. At its heart is a belief system, based on a blend of Christian faith and socialist thinking.
cultural pluralism A society in which two or more population groups, each practicing its own culture, live adjacent to one another without mixing inside a single state.
commercial agriculture For-profit agriculture.
subsistence agriculture Farmers who eke out a living on a small plot of land on which they are only able to grow enough food to support their families or at best a small community.
remote sensing The indirect capture of images by specially equipped, Earth-orbiting satellites.
uneven development The notion that economic development varies spatially, a central tenet of core-periphery relationships in realms, regions, and lesser geographic entities.
supranationalism A venture involving three or more states—political, economic, and/or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives.
rural-to-urban migration The dominant migration flow from countryside to city that continues to transform the world’s population, most notably in the less advantaged geographic realms.
informal sector Dominated by unlicensed sellers of homemade goods and services, the primitive form of capitalism found in many developing countries that takes place beyond the control of government. The complement to a country’s formal sector.
barrio Term meaning “neighborhood” in Spanish. Usually refers to an urban community in a Middle or South American city.
favela Shantytown on the outskirts or even well within an urban area in Brazil.
megacity Informal term referring to the world’s most heavily populated cities; in this book, the term refers to a metropolis containing a population of greater than 10 million.
central business district The downtown heart of a central city; marked by high land values, a concentration of business and commerce, and the clustering of the tallest buildings.
gini index A measure of inequality within a given area, ranging from 0 to 100. A value of 0 indicates that income is equally distributed across an area’s population; a value of 100 indicates that all income is concentrated in the hands of a single recipient.
dependencia theory theory Originating in South America during the 1960s, it was a new way of thinking about economic development and underdevelopment that explained the persistent poverty of certain countries in terms of their unequal relations with other rich countries.
insurgent state Territorial embodiment of a successful guerrilla movement. The establishment by antigovernment insurgents of a territorial base in which they exercise full control; thus a state within a state.
failed state A country whose institutions have collapsed and in which anarchy prevails.
neoliberal policies Policies adhering to an ideology or development strategy that advocates the privatization of state-run companies, lowering of international trade tariffs, reduction of government subsidies, cutting of corporate taxes, & deregulation of business activity.
landlocked country An interior state wholly surrounded by land. Without coasts, such a country is disadvantaged in accessibility to international trade routes, & the scramble for possession of areas of the continental shelf and control of the exclusive economic zone beyond.
human development index A UN index that is a composite measure of life expectancy, education, and income per capita. It is used to rank countries within a four-level classification under this name.
triple frontier The turbulent and chaotic area in southern South America that surrounds the convergence of Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay. Lawlessness pervades this haven for criminal elements.
primate city A country’s largest city—ranking atop its urban hierarchy—most expressive of the national culture and usually (but not in every case) the capital city as well.
viticulture The growing of grapes for the production of wine.
elongation In political geography, refers to the territorial configuration of a state that is at least six times longer than its average width. Chile is the most prominent example of this shape on the world map.
buffer state A country or set of countries separating ideological or political adversaries. In southern Asia, Afghanistan, Nepal, and Bhutan were parts of a buffer zone set up between British and Russian-Chinese imperial spheres.
entrepot A place, usually a port city, where goods are imported, stored, and transshipped; a break-of-bulk point.
forward capital Capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory, usually near an international border; it confirms the state’s determination to maintain its presence in the area of contention.
cerrado Regional term referring to the fertile savannas of Brazil’s interior Central-West that make it one of the world’s most promising agricultural frontiers. Soybeans are the leading crop, and other grains and cotton are expanding.
negative externalities Undesirable side-effects and/or byproducts of an action. In our case, the downside consequences of dam construction in Brazil’s Amazon Basin in the form of further deforestation, other environmental degradation, & displacement of existing communities.
growth-pole concept An urban center with a number of attributes that, if augmented by investment support, will stimulate regional economic development in its hinterland.
Created by: pl241322
Popular Geography sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards