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Chap 3 Vocab

Unity Of Place The great German natural scientist Alexander von Humboldt’s notion that in particular locale or region intricate connections exist among climate, geology, biology, and human cultures.
Indigenous Aboriginal or native; an example would be the pre-Columbian inhabitants of the Americas
Antiplano High elavation plateau, basin, or valley between even higher mountain ranges, especially in the Andes of South America
Land alienation One society or culture group taking land from each other
Liberation theology A powerful religious movement that arose in South America during the 1950s, and subsequently gained followers throughout the global periphery. A belief system based on a blend of Christian faith and socialist thinking
Cultural pluralism A society in which two or more population groups, each practicing its own culture, live adjacent to one another without mixing inside a single state
Commercial agriculture For- profit agriculture
Subsistence agriculture Farmers who eke out a living on a small plot of land
Remote sensing The indirect capture of images by specially equipped, Earth orbiting satellites
Uneven development The notion that development varies spatially, a central tenet of core-periphery relationships in realms, regions and lesser geographic entities
Supranationalism A venture involving three or more states
Rural to urban migration The dominant migration flow from countryside to city that continues to transform the world’s population, most notably in the less advantaged geographic realms
Informal sector Dominated by unlicensed sellers of homemade goods ans services, the primitive form of capitalism found in many developing countries that takes place beyond the control of government
Barrio Term meaning “neighborhood” in Spanish
Megacity Informal referring to the world’s most heavily populated cities
Central business district The downtown heart of a central city
Dependencia Theory originating in South America during the 1960s, it was a new way of thinking about economic development and underdevelopment that explained the persistent poverty of certains countries in terms of their Unequal relations with outer countries
Insurgent state Territorial embodiment of a successful guerrilla movement.
Failed state A country whose institutions have collapsed and in which anarchy prevails
Neoliberal policies Policies adhering to an ideology strategy that advocates the privatization of state-run companies.
Landlocked location Interior state wholly surrounded by land
Human development index A UN index that is a composite measure of life expectancy, education, and income per capita
Triple Frontier The turbulent and chaotic area in southern South America that surrounds the convergence of Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay
Primate city A country’s largest city
Viticulture The growing of grapes for the production of wine
Elongation Refers to the territorial configuration of a state that is at least six times longer than its average width
Buffer state A country or set of countries separating ideological or political adversaries
Entrepôt Usaully a port city where goods are imported, stored, and transshiped
Forward capital Capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory, usually near an international border
Cerrado Regional term referring to the fertile savannas of Brazil’s interior Central-West that make it one of the world’s most promising agricultural frontiers
Negative externalities Underside side effects and/or byproducts of an action.
Growth pole concept An urban center with a number of attributes that, of augmented by investment support, will stimulate regional economic development in its hinterland
Created by: Pl240781
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