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Middle America

QuestionAnswer
Primate City A country’s largest city in its urban hierarchy that is most expressive of its national culture. An example is Mexico City, the core of Mexico.
NAFTA (North American Free Trade Deal) The free-trade area launched in 1994 involving the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
Maquiladoras Mexico’s U.S. border zone where U.S. owned factories are present.
Land bridge A narrow link between two landmasses.
Archipelago A set of islands grouped closely together, usually elongated into a chain.
Hurricane Alley The most frequent pathway followed by tropical storms and hurricanes over the past 150 years in their generally westward movement across the Caribbean Basin.
Altitudinal Zonation Vertical regions defined by physical-environmental zones at various elevations, particularly in the highlands of South and Middle America.
Tropical deforestation The clearing and destruction of tropical rainforests in order to make way for expanding settlement frontiers and the exploitation of new economic opportunities.
Culture hearth The heartland, source area, innovation center, or place of origin of a major culture.
Mestizo A person of mixed European (white) and Amerindian ancestry.
Hacienda A large estate in a Spanish-speaking country.
Plantation A large estate owned by an individual, family, or corporation and organized to produce a cash crop.
Small-island developing economies The additional disadvantages faced by lower-income island-states because of their often small territorial size and populations as well as overland inaccessibility.
Acculturation Cultural modification resulting from intercultural borrowing.
Transculturation Cultural borrowing and two-way exchanges that occur when different cultures of approximately equal complexity and technological level come into close contact.
Ejidos Government owned Mexican farmlands redistributed to peasant communities after the Revolution of 1910–1917.
Remittances Money earned by emigrants that is sent back to family and friends in their home country.
Offshore banking Term referring to financial havens for foreign companies and individuals, who channel their earnings to accounts in such a country (usually an “offshore” island-state) to avoid paying taxes in their home countries.
Social Stratification In a layered or stratified society, the population is divided into a hierarchy of social classes. In an industrialized society, the working class is at the lower end; elites that possess capital and control the means of production are at the upper level.
Mulatto A person of mixed African (black) and European (white) ancestry.
Created by: pl247921
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