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QuestionAnswer
Beri beri results from a deficiency in thiamine, vitamin B1
Characterized by “pins and needles” in the extremities beriberi
Radiographic appearance of beriberi enlarged heart shadow, increased pulmonary vascular markings
Scurvy results from a deficiency in vitamin C, ascorbic acid
Weakening of the capillary walls and bleeding gums, skin, joints is characteristic of scurvy
Radiographic appearance of scurvy osteoporetic bones with blurring of trabecular markings and severe cortical thinning
“white line” widening and increased density of the zone of provisional calcification
Pelken spur dense bone which becomes impacted on the shaft and juts out laterally
Wimberger’s sign dense sharply demarcated rings of calcification around the epiphyses
Radiographic appearance of obesity displaced abdominal structures, elevated diaphragm, widened mediastinum
The number one environmental pollutant worldwide lead
Classic lead lines appear as dense transverse bands extending across the metaphyses of long bones
Sarcoidosis most commonly occurs in young adults, women more than men
Radiographic appearance of sarcoidosis bilateral hilar lymph node enlargement wit ha diffuse interstitial pattern
A “lace-like” appearance of the hands and feet is characteristic of sarcoidosis
Description of SLE connective tissue disorder that primarily effects young adults
Radiographic appearance of SLE skeletally subluxation of joints
Radiographic appearance of SLE on chest x-ray bilateral PE and enlarged shadow
Represents 4% of all skin cancers melanoma
May show a “bulls eye” or target lesion on BE melanoma
Description of muscular dystrophy chronic inherited condition where fat replaces muscle
Radiographic appearance of MS fine striated appearance of the muscle bundles, fine density/shadow at the ends of muscle bundles
Also known as mongolism Down syndrome
The most common trisomy disorder down syndrome
Congenital heart disease occurs in about 40% of patients with: down syndrome
Radiographic appearance of down syndrome decrease in acetabular angles and a lateral flaring of the iliac wings
Kleinfelter’s syndrome 2 X chromosomes, testicular dysgenesis
Turner’s syndrome gonadal dysgenesis, one X chromosome
Marfan’s syndrome inherited genetic disorder of connective tissue
Phenylketonuria inborn error of metabolism, cannot convert phenylalanine to tyrosin
Created by: annaluz87