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Chapter 2 Vocab

TermDefinition
Primate City A country's largest city-ranking atop its urban hierarchy -most expensive of the national culture and usually(but not in every case) the capital city as well.
Indigenous Aboriginal or native.
NAFTA The Free Trade Area launched in involving the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
Borderland A borderland is a cultural transition zone.
Maquiladoras The term given to modern industrial plants in Mexico's U.S. border zone.
Land bridge A narrow isthmian link between two large landmasses.
Archipelago A set of islands grouped closely together, usually elongated into a chain.
Hurricane Alley The most frequent pathway followed by tropical storms and hurricanes over the past years.
Altitudinal Zonation Vertical regions defined by physical environmental zones at various elevations.
Tropical Deforestation The clearing and destruction of tropical rainforests in order to make a way for expanding settlement frontiers and the exploitation of new economic opportunities.
Cultural Hearth Heartland, source area, or innovative center; place of origin of a major culture.
Mestizo Refers to a person of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry.
Hacienda Literally, a large estate in a Spanish speaking country.
Plantation A large estate owned by an individual, family, or corporation and organized to produce a cash crop.
Connectivity The degree of direct linkage between a particular location and other locations with a regional, national, or global transportation network.
Small Island developing economies The additional disadvantages faced by lower income island state because of their often small territorial size and populations as well as overland inaccessibility.
Economies of scale The saving that accrue from large scale production wherein the unit cost of manufacturing decreases as the operation enlarges.
Economic Interrogation The economic benefits of forging supranational partnerships among three or more countries.
Acculturation Cultural modification resulting from intercultural borrowing.
Transculturation Cultural borrowing and two way exchanges that occur when different cultures of approximately equal complexity and technological level come into close contact.
Ejidos Mexican Farmlands redistributed to peasant communities after the revolution of 1917.
Biodiversity hot spot A much higher than usual, world class geographic concentration of natural plant and/or animal species.
offshore banking Referring to financial haves for foreign companies and individuals who channel their earnings to accounts in such a country to avoid paying taxes in their home country.
Remmitances Money earned by emigrants that is sent back to family and friends in their home country. Mostly in cash, forms an important part of the economy in poorer countries.
Social Stratification In a layered or stratified society, the population is divided into a hierarchy of classes.
Mulatto A person of mixed African and European ancestry.
Intermodal Transport system One that smooth integrates different surface transportation modes.
Created by: pl251791
 

 



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