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Chapter 2 Vocabulary

Primate City A country’s largest city and usually(but not in every case) the capital as well
Indigenous Aboriginal or native
NAFTA The free-trade area launched in 1994 in obliging the US, Canada, and Mexico.
Borderland General term for a linear zone that parallels a political boundary.
Maquiladora The term given to industrial plants in Mexico’s US border zone. These foreign-owned factories assemble imported components and/or raw materials, and then export finished manufactures, mainly to the United States.
Land bridge A narrow isthmian link between two large land masses.
Archipelago A set of islands grouped closely together, usually elongated into a chain.
Hurricane Alley The most frequent pathway followed by tropical storms and hurricanes over the past 150 years in their generally westward movement across the Caribbean Basin.
Altitudinal zonation Vertical regions defined by physical-environmental zones at various elevations.
Tropical deforestation The clearing and destruction of tropical rainforests in order to make way for expanding settlement frontiers and the exploration of new economic opportunities.
Culture hearth Heartland, source area, or innovation center; place of origin of a major culture.
Mestizo Derived from the Latin word for mixed, refers to a person of mixed European(white) and Amerindian ancestry.
Hacienda A large estate in a Spanish-speaking country.
Plantation A large estate owned by an individual, family, or corporation and organized to produce a cash crop.
Connectivity The degree of direct linkage between a particular location and other location within a regional, national, or global transportation network.
Small-island developing economies The additional disadvantages faced by lower-income island-states because if their often small territorial size and populations as well as overland inaccessibility.
Economies of scale The savings that accrue from large-scale production wherein the unit cost I’d manufacturing decreases as the level of operation enlarges.
Economic integration The economic benefits of forging supranational partnerships among three or more countries.
Acculturation Cultural modification resulting from intercultural borrowing.
Transculturation Cultural borrowing and two-way exchanges that occur when different cultures of approximately equal complexity and technological level come into close contact.
Ejidos Mexican farmlands redistributed to peasant communities after the Revolution of 1910-1917.
Biodiversity hot spot A much higher than usual, world-class geographic concentration of natural plant and/or animal species.
Offshore banking Term referring to financial havens for foreign companies and individuals, who channel their earnings to accounts in such a country to avoid paying taxes in their home countries.
Remittances Money earned by emigrants that is sent back to family and friends in their home countries.
Intermodel transport system One that smoothly interrogates different surface transportation modes.
Social stratification I’m a layered or stratified society, the population is divided into a hierarchy of social classes.
Mulatto A person of mixed African and European ancestry.
Created by: AllisonSinger
Popular Geography sets




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