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chapter 1

North America

TermDefinition
Borderland A place where two entities (nations or areas) border each other
Transition Zone An area where to adjacent realms or regions join; marked by a gradual shift to distinguish neighboring geographic entities from one another
Physiographic regions Geographic areas that share distinct properties like landforms, rock type, and evolutionary history
Continentality The farther you are from the ocean the more extreme weather you are bound to get
Rain shadow effect A rain shadow is a patch of land that has been forced to become a desert because mountain ranges blocked all plant growing, rainy weather. One side of the mountain rains while the other snows
Federation A political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing provinces, states, or other regions under a central federal government
Aquifer Underground system for water contained within porous, water-bearing rocks
Fossil fuel A natural fuel from coal or gas, formed in geological past from the remains of living organisms
Urban system A heirarchical group of urban areas within a finite geographic area, like a country
American Manufacturing Belt North Americas rectangular core area, who’s corners are Boston, Milwaukee, St. Louis, Baltimore
Distribution center A main focus on economic activity specializing of goods, situated as a major hub on its regional transportation network
Intermodal connections Facilities and activities related to the transfer of goods in transit from one transportation to another
Outer city The non-central-city portion of the American metropolis
Deindustrialization Is the process of social and economic change ignited by the removal or reduction of industrial activity/capacity in an area that was formerly supported by the manufacturing industry.
Central business district (CBD) The downtown heart of a central city; marked by highland values
Information economy Is an economy with an increased emphasis on informational activities and information industry
GPS The orbiting-satellite-based navigation system that provides locational and time information; anywhere near Earth or on Earth requires four or more
Gentrification A process where wealthy, college-educated individuals begin to move into poor or working-class communities, often people with color in those communities
Neighborhood effect An economic and social science concept that neighborhoods have either direst or indirect effect on individual behaviors
Residential geography The distribution of residential populations; this term is mostly used by urban geographers to describe the clustering of various social groups
Sunbelt A strip of territory receiving a high amount of sunshine
Migrations A change in residence intended to be permanent
Electoral geography Is the analysis of the methods, the behavior, and the results of elections in the context of geographic space and using geographical techniques
Melting pot A place where a variety of races, cultures, or individuals assimilate into a cohesive while
First Nations Is a term used to describe aboriginal people of Canada who are ethnically neither Métis nor Inuit
World-city A large city with particularly significant economic linkages that also has a high rating in the global urban system
Technopole A planned techno-industrial complex that innovates, promotes, and manufactures the products of the postindustrial information economy
Pacific Rim Is the geographic area surrounding the Pacific Ocean; it covers the western shores of North America and South America
Tar sands A deposit of sand impregnated with bitumen
Boreal forests A forest that grows in regions of the northern hemisphere with cold temperatures; mostly made of cold tolerant coniferous species such as spruce and fir
Created by: Pl252021
 

 



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