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|A political boundary that parallels a linear zone.
|An area where 2 or more realms join with different cultures.
|A region within which there are natural landscape homogeneity, expressed by surface relief, vegetation, soils, and climate.
|The variation of the continental effect on air temperatures in the interior potions of the world’s land masses.
|Rain shadow effect
|The relative dryness in the areas downwind of mountain ranges resulting fro. orographic precipitation.
|A country where a central government represents the sub national entities within a nation-state where they have common interests such as defense, foreign affairs, allowing them to retain their own identities
|An underground reservoir of water contained within a porous chain.
|The energy sources of coal, natural gas, and petroleum. Formed by geologic compression and transformation.
|A hierarchical network or grouping of urban areas within a finite geographic area, such as a country.
|American Manufacturing Belt
|North America’s near-rectangular core area.
|A centralized focus of economic activity specializing in the distribution of goods.
|Facilities and activities related to the transfer of goods in transit from one transportation mode to another.
|The non-central-city portion of the American metropolis.
|By which companies relocate manufacturing jobs to other regions or countries with cheaper labor.
|Central business district
|The downtown heart of a central city; marked by high land values, a concentration of business and commerce, and the many tall buildings.
|The new, increasing dominant, postindustrial economy that is manufacturing in the most highly advanced countries.
|GPS Global Positioning System
|The orbiting-satellite-based navigation system that provides locational and time information, anywhere on Earth where there is a line of sight.
|The upgrading of an older residential area through private reinvestment, usually in downtown area of a central city.
|The impact of one’s neighborhood on an individual’s outlook, aspirations, socialization, and life chances.
|The spatial distribution of a residential population, often used by urban geographers to describe the clustering of various social groups.
|The popular name given to the southern tier of the United States, has warmer climate and has been attracting large numbers of relocating people.
|A change in residence intended to be permanent.
|The spatial distribution of political preferences as expressed in voting behavior for political parties or candidates. Mapping of election results is the foundation.
|Traditional characterization of American society as a blend of numerous immigrant ethnic groups that over time were assimilated into a single group.
|Name given Canada’s indigenous peoples of American descent, whose US counterparts are called Native Americans.
|A large city with particularly significant international linkages.
|A planned techno-industrial complex that innovates, promotes, and manufactures the products of the postindustrial information economy.
|A group of countries and components of countries sharing the following, they face Pacific Ocean, exhibit high level of economy, industrialization and urbanization. Imports and exports mainly move across Pacific waters.
|The main source of oil from non- liquid petroleum reserves.
|The subarctic, mostly coniferous snowforest that blankets Canada south of the tundra that lines the Arctic shore.