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Chapter 1

TermDefinition
Borderland General term for a linear zone that parallels a political boundary
Transition zone where 2 realms meet
Physiographic regions A region within which there prevails substantial natural landscape homogeneity
Continentality The variation of the continental effect on air temperatures in the interior portions of the world’s landmasses
Rain shadow effect The relative dryness in areas downwind of mountain ranges resulting from orographic
Federation A country adhering to a political framework wherein in a central government represents the various subnational entities within a nation-state
Aquifer An underground reservoir of water contained within a porous, water-bearing rock layer
Fossil fuel The resources of coal, natural gas, and petroleum (oil)
Urban system A hierarchical network or grouping of urban areas within a finite geographic area, such as a country
American Manufacturing Belt North America’s near rectangular core area, whose corners are Boston, Milwaukee, St. Louis, and Baltimore
Distribution center A centralized focus of economic activity specializing in the distribution of goods
Intermodal connections Facilities and activities related to the transfer of goods in transit from one transportation mode to another
Outer city The non-central-city portion of the American metropolis
Deindustrialization Companies relocating manufacturing jobs to other regions or countries with cheaper labor
Central business district The downtown heart of a central city
Information economy The new increasingly dominant, postindustrial economy that is maturing in the most highly advanced countries of North America, Europe, and the Pacific Rim
GPS The orbiting satellite based navigation system that provides locational and time information
Gentrification The upgrading of an older residential area through private reinvestment, usually in the downtown area of a central city
Neighborhood effect The impact of one’s neighborhood on an individual’s outlook, aspirations, socialization, and life chances
Residential geography The spatial distribution of residential population
Sunbelt The popular name given to the southern tier of the United States, which is anchored by the mega-States of California, Texas, and Florida
Migration A change in residence to be permanent
Electoral geography The spatial distribution of political preferences as expressed in voting behavior for political parties and/or candidates
Melting pot Traditional characterization of American society as blend of numerous immigrant ethnic groups that over time were assimilated into a single mainstream
First Nations Name given to Canada’s indigenous peoples of American descent, whose U.S counterparts are called Native Americans
World-city A large city with particularly significant international linkages that also has high ranking in the global urban system
Thechnopole A planned techno- industrial complex that innovates, promotes, and manufactures the products of the postindustrial information economy
Pacific Rim A far flung group of countries and components of countries sharing the same criteria
Tar sands The main source of oil from non-liquid petroleum reserves. The oil is mixed with sand and requires massive open pit mining
Boreal forest The subarctic, mostly coniferous snow forests that blankets Canada south of the tundra that lines the Arctic shore
Created by: Pl240781
 

 



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