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Chapter 1 geography
|General term for a linear zone that parallels a political boundary
|An area of spatial change where the peripheries of two adjacent realms or regions join
|A region within which there prevails substantial natural-landscape homogeneity
|The variation of the continental effect on air temperatures in the interior portions of the world’s landmasses.
|Rain shadow effect
|The dryness in areas downwind of mountain ranges resulting from , wherein moist air masses are forced to deposit most of the water across highlands.
|A country adhering to a political framework a central government represents the various subnational entities in nation-state have common interests
|An underground reservoir of water contained within a porous, water-bearing rock layer.
|The energy resources of coal, natural gas, and petroleum so named collectively because they were formed by the geologic compression
|A hierarchical network or grouping of urban areas within a finite geographic area, such as a country.
|American Manufacturing belt
|North America’s near-rectangular core area, whose corners are Boston, Milwaukee, St. Louis, and Baltimore.
|A centralized focus of economic activity specializing in the distribution of goods, situated as a major hub on its regional transportation network.
|Facilities and activities related to the transfer of goods in transit from one transportation mode to another
|The non-central-city portion of the American metropolis, this outer ring was transformed into a full-fledged city during the late twentieth century.
|by which companies relocate manufacturing jobs to other regions or countries with cheaper labor.
|Central businesses district
|The downtown heart of a central city; marked by high land values, a concentration of business and commerce, and the clustering of
|The new, increasingly dominant, postindustrial economy that is maturing in the most highly advanced countries of North America, Europe, and the Pacific Rim.
|The orbiting-satellite-based navigation system that provides locational and time information, anywhere on or near the Earth’s surface.
|The upgrading of an older residential area through private reinvestment, usually in the downtown area of a central city.
|The impact of one’s neighborhood on an individual’s outlook, aspirations, socialization, and life chances.
|most often used by urban geographers to describe the clustering of social groups into the neighborhoods that form the residential of cities, suburbs.
|The popular name given to the southern tier of the United States, which is anchored by the mega-States of California, Texas, and Florida.
|A change in residence intended to be permanent.
|The spatial distribution of political preferences as expressed in voting behavior for political parties and/or candidates.
|Traditional characterization of American society as a blend of numerous immigrant ethnic groups that over time were assimilated into a single society.
|Name given Canada’s indigenous peoples of American descent, whose U.S. counterparts are called Native Americans.
|A large city with particularly significant international (economic) linkages that also has a high ranking in the global urban system.
|A planned techno-industrial complex (such as California’s Silicon Valley) that innovates, promotes, and manufactures.
|group of countries they face the Pacific Ocean; high levels of economic development, industrialization, and urbanization; imports and exports Pacific waters.
|The main source of oil from non-liquid petroleum reserves. The oil is mixed with sand and requires massive open-pit mining as well as a costly Extraction.
|The subarctic, mostly coniferous snowforest that blankets Canada south of the tundra that lines the Arctic shore; known as the taiga in Russia.