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Ch 1 Geo

vocab

TermDefinition
Borderland general term for linear zone that parallels a political boundry
Transition zone an area of change where peripheries of two adjacent realms or regions join. gradual shift
physiographic region a region within which there prevails substantial natural-landscape homogeneity
continentality variation of the continental effect on air temperatures in the interior portions if the world's landmasses
rain shadow effect relative dryness in areas downwind of mountain ranges resulting in orographic precipitation
federation a country adhering to a political framework wherein a central government represents the various subnational entities within a nation-state where they have common interests but own identities
aquifier an underground reservoir of water containing a porous water bearing rock layer
Fossil fuel The energy resources of coal, natural gas, and petroleum
Urban system A hierarchy network or grouping of urban areas within a finite geographic area
American Manufacturing Belt North America's near rectangular core area, whose corners are Boston, Milwaukee, St Louis, and Baltimore
Distribution center centralized focus of economic activity specializing in the distribution of goods, situated as a major hub on its regional transportation network
intermodal connections facilities and activities related to the transfer of goods in transit from one transportation mode to another
outer city non-central-city portion of American metropolis
deindustrialization process by which companies relocate manufacturing jobs to other regions or countries with cheaper labor
central business district downtown heart of a central city
information economy the new postindustrial economy that is maturing in the most highly advanced countries of North America, Europe, and the Pacific rim
gps the orbiting-satellite-based navigation system that provides locational and time information
gentrification the upgrading of an older residential area through private reinvestment, usually in the downtown area of a central city
neighborhood effect the impact of one's neighborhood on an individual's outlook, aspirations, socialization, and life chances
residential geography spatial distribution of a residential population
sunbelt southern tier of the U.S. which is anchored by California, Texas, and Florida
migration change in residence intended to be permanent
electoral geography spatial distribution of political preferences as expressed in voting behavior for political parties and/or candidates
melting pot traditional characterization of American society as a blend of numerous immigrant ethnic groups that over time were assimilated into a single societal mainstream
first nations Canada's indigenous people of American descent
world-city large city with significant international (economic) linkages that also has a high ranking in the global urban system
technopole planned techno-industrial complex that innovates, promotes, and manufactures the products of the postindustrial information economy
pacific rim group of countries and components of countries sharing the following criteria: face Pacific ocean, exhibit relatively high levels of economic development, industrialization, and urbanization, and their imports/exports mainly move across pacific waters
tar sands main source of oil from non-liquid petroleum reserves
boreal forest subarctic, most coniferous snowforest that blankets Canada south of the tundra that lines the arctic shore (taiga in russia)
Created by: pl237001
 

 



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