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Chapter 8

Biologic Foundations of Psychiatric Nursing

TermDefinition
dopamine the neurotransmitter that stimulates the body’s natural “feel good” reward pathways, producing pleasant euphoric sensation under certain conditions.
motor functions Associations in both learning and programming behavior or activities that are repetitive and done become automatic
Basal ganglia Subdivisions: putamen, globus pallidus, and caudate
Receptors exhibit receptor sensitivity indicating that they have the capacity to change.
neuron A nerve impulse originates in the ____________ and is carried across the synaptic cleft during transmission
Molecular genetics genetic contribution to development of psychiatric disorders
Population genetics – Family studies – Twin studies – Adoption studies
Excitatory neurotransmitters Acetylcholine Dopamine Serotonin
Inhibitory neurotransmitter Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)
Substance P and somatostatin (pain transmission and endocrine functioning)
Non-opioid neuropeptides Substance P and somatostatin (pain transmission and endocrine functioning)
Opioid neuropeptides Endorphins, enkephalins, and dynorphins
Endorphins, enkephalins, and dynorphins (endocrine functioning and pain suppression)
Types of neurotransmitters Cholinergic Biogenic amines Amino acids Neuropeptides
frontal lobe ____________ controls motor speech function, personality, and working memory—often called the executive functions that govern one’s ability to plan and initiate action;
parietal lobe controls the sensory functions; somatosensory
temporal lobe contains the primary auditory and olfactory areas; expressions, Wernicke’s area
occipital lobe controls visual integration of information, visual perception, recognition
Created by: bolenrocks