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Geography intro term

TermDefinition
Absolute location The position/place of a certain item on Earths surface as expressed in degrees, minutes, and seconds of latitude & longitude.
Core area Core means the center, heart, or focus. The core area of a nation could be its heartland, place of highest productivity/largest population, and the part of the nation which is most accessible/central.
Cultural landscape The forms & artifacts sequentially placed on the natural landscape by the activities of various human occupants. By progressive imprinting of the human presence, the physical landscape is modified into the cultural landscape, forming an interacting unity.
European state model A state consisting of a legally defined territory inhabited by a population governed from a capital city by a representative government.
Formal region A type of region marked by a certain degree of homogeneity in one/more phenomena. Also called uniform/homogeneous region.
Functional region A region marked less by its sameness than by its dynamic internal structure; because it usually focuses on a central node. Also called nodal/focal region.
Geographic realm The basic spatial unit in our world regionalization scheme, where each realm is defined in terms of a synthesis of its total human geography—a composite of its leading cultural, economic, historical, political, and appropriate environmental features
Global climate change The shift in characteristics & spatial distribution of Earths climates in reply to a long-term trend in atmospheric warming.
Globalization The gradual reduction of regional differences on the world scale, due to increasing international, cultural, economic & political interaction.
Hinterland Literally “country behind,” a term applying to a surrounding area served by an urban center. The center is the focus of goods/services produced for its hinterland & is its dominant urban influence.
Natural landscape The array of landforms that constitutes Earths surface (hills,plains,etc.) & the physical features that mark them (water bodies, soil, etc.). Every geographic realm has its distinctive blend of natural landscapes.
Periphery The outer limits/outside boundary of and area or object.
Population distribution The way people have set themselves out in a geographic space. One of geography’s most essential expressions because it shows the sum total of the adjustments a population has made to its natural, cultural, & economic environments.
Relative location The regional position/situation of a place relative to the position of other places. It is affected by distance, accessibility, and connectivity.
Scale The relationship between the real world size of a geographic feature & it’s representative feature on a map.
Sovereignty Controlling power & influence over a territory. Can be a self governing state.
Spatial perspective The geographic dimension/expression of any phenomenon. Anything related to the organization of space on Earths surface.
State A politically organized territory administered by a sovereign government & recognized by a significant portion of the international community. Must also have a permanent resident population, organized economy, & a functioning internal circulation system.
Transition zone An area of spatial change in which the peripheries of two adjacent realms/regions join.
Urbanization Proportion of a country’s population living in urban places its its level oof urbanization. This process involves he movement to, and the clustering of, people in towns/cities. Another kind occurs when when a growing city absorbs/ transforms into suburbs.
Continental drift The slow movement of continents controlled by the process associated with plate tectonics.
Created by: simranngill
 

 



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