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Spine - gen qs

spine - general questions for comp

What are the functions of the vertebral column? encloses and protects the spinal cord, acts as a support for the trunk, supports the skull, provides for attachment of deep muscles of the back and ribs.
How is the vertebral column held together? via ligaments
How many sacral vertebrae are there? 5
How many coccygeal vertebrae are there? 3-5
Which are the true vertebrae? the movable upper 3 sections
Which are the false vertebrae? the fixed or fuzed lower sections – sacrum and coccyx
What kind of curve is the cervical curve? convex anteriorly, lordotic curve
Why kind of curve is the lumbar curve? convex anteriorly, lordotic curve
What kind of curve is the pelvic curve? concave anteriorly, kyphotic curve
Which are the primary curves? thoracic and pelvic
What is a primary curve? the curve present at birth
What is a secondary or compensatory curve? one that develops after birth
When does the cervical curve begin to form? around 3-4 months when the child begins to hold up their head or 8-9 months when they can sit alone
When does the lumbar curve begin to develop? 1 to 1 1/2 years when the child begins to walk
What is the difference between female and male lumbar curves? females have a more pronounced lumbar curve and have a more acute angle at the lumbosacral junction
What is the inside of the intervertebral disk called? nucleus pulposus
What is the outer fibrocartilage of the intervertebral disk called? annulus fibrosus
What is a slipped disk? herniation of the nucleus pulposus
What forms the vertebral arch? 2 pedicles and 2 laminae
Which way are the pedicles projected off the vertebra? posteriorly
What forms the intervertebral foramina? vertebra notches
What passes through the intervertebral foramina? spinal nerves and blood vessels
Which way are laminae projected from the pedicles? posteriorly and medially
What forms the zygapophyseal joints? superior and inferior articular processes of adjacent vertebrae
Alternate name of zygapophyseal joints interarticular facet joints
Created by: annaluz87