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Jude 6th - Chapter 1

Chapter 1: Intro to Geography

geography study of the earth
geo means earth
graph means writing
maps drawings of the world or certain places on it
physical geography a description of the formations of the earth
political geography a description of the boundaries of states, regions, etc.
axis imaginary line that passes through earth and around which earth rotates
poles ends of the axis
latitude lines run left to right, and measure north to south degrees
equator imaginary latitude line that runs around the middle of the earth and is 0 degrees latitude
longitude lines run up and down, and they measure east to west degrees
Prime Meridian imaginary longitude line that runs through Greenwich, Greenland and is 0 degrees longitude
Pangea supercontinent
continental drift theory that Earth's continents have moved over time
Earth's crust the solid outer part of the planet
island body of land surrounded by water
peninsula body of land surrounded by water on 3 sides
Mt. Everest world's tallest mountain
Himalayas world's tallest mountain range
volcanoes formed by molten rock and ash erupting out of the magma under the crust
magma molten rock material beneath the earth's surface
plains large, flat areas of the world
steppe dry, level grasslands with few or no trees
prairie large area of flat or rolling land with no mountains and few trees
savannah grassland containing scattered trees
plateau large area of high land
desert land with very little or no water
Pacific Ocean world's largest ocean
Mississippi River longest river in the United States
Nile River longest river in the world
climate all weather conditions over a period of time
Gulf Stream warm ocean current that flows in the Atlantic from the Gulf of Mexico along the coast of the United States
zones climate regions of the earth
plate tectonics theory that states that Earth’s outer layer is made up of large, moving pieces called plates
Sahara Desert largest desert in the world
temperate zones zone that is most hospitable to human life, with temperatures not too hot and not too cold
polar zones zone that is frozen year round and inhospitable to human life
tropic zones regions of the Earth that lie roughly in the middle of the globe, closest to the equator
Created by: MissMisiak
Popular Geography sets




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