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AWA Chp 9

AWA Chp 9- Influence in Social Groups

Group Cohesiveness Qualities of a group that bind members together and promote liking between members
Social Facilitation Tendency for people to do better on simple things in the presence of others and worse on harder things when their individual performance can be evaluated
Social Loafing Tendency to do worse on simple tasks and to do better on more complex tasks when in big groups and their individual performance is NOT evaluated
Deindivuation Loosening of normal restraints on deviant or impulsive behavior when people cannot be identified
Process Loss Any aspect of a group interaction that inhibits good problem solving
Transactive Memory Combined memory of two people that is better than their individual memories
Groupthink A kind of thinking in which maintaining group cohesiveness and solidarity is more important considering the facts in a realistic manner WAYS TO AVOID- remain impartial, seek outside opinions, create subgroups, seen anonymous opinions
Group Polarization Tendency for groups to make decisions that are more extreme than the initial inclinations of its members
Great Person Theory The idea that certain key personality traits make a person a good leader, regardless of situation
Transactional Leaders Leaders who set clear, short-term goals and reward people who meet them
Transformational Leaders Leaders who inspire followers for focus on common, long term goals
Contingency Theory of Leadership The idea that leadership effectiveness depends on relationships, effectiveness, task orientation and amount of control leader has
Social Dilemma Conflict in which the most beneficial action for an individual will have harmful effects on everyone Ex- it's beneficial for individuals to not pay for music, but if everyone did it, artists would stop making music because they wouldnt make any money
Public Goods Dilemma Social dilemma in which individuals must contribute to a common pool in order to maintain the public good
Commons Dilemma Social Dilemma in which everyone takes from a common pool of goods that will replenish itself if used in moderation but will disappear if overused (Pg. 299) Examples
Integrative Solution Solution to a conflict wherby the parties make tradeoffs on an issue according to their different interests
Created by: meganschaeffer