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Key Terms

Analgesics Drug that reduces the perception of pain without loss of other sensations.
Anthelmintic General term used to describe compounds that kill various types of internal parasites.
Antibiotic A drug that kills or inhibits the growth of bacteria.
Anticonvulsants A drug used to control seizures.
Anti-inflammatory drugs A drug that relieves pain or discomfort by blocking or reducing the inflammatory process.
Antimicrobial A drug that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms.
Antiseptics Chemical agent that kills or prevents the growth of microorganisms on living tissue.
Bactericidal Kills bacteria.
Bacteriostatic Inhibits bacterial replication.
Bronchodilator Drug that inhibits bronchoconstriction.
Continuous rate infusion Drug(s) given over a long period of time, ranging from hours to days, as slow as injection or drip.
Controlled substance A drug that has been deemed by the DEA as potentially abusive; a substance with potential for physical addiction, psychological addiction, and/ or abuse; also referred to as a schedule drug.
Corticosteroid A glucocorticoid
Disinfection Chemical agent that kills or prevents the growth of microorganisms on inanimate objects.
Decongestant A pharmacologic agent that reduces congestion of the mucous membranes.
Diuretic A drug that increases urine formation and promotes water loss.
Dose The amount of drug administered at one time.
Elixir A solution of drug dissolved in sweetened alcohol.
Emetics Drugs that induce vomiting.
Enteric-coated tablet A tablet that has a special covering that protects the drug from the harsh acidic environment of the stomach and prevents dissolution of the tablet until it enters the intestine.
Expectorants Compound that increases the fluidity of mucus in the respiratory tract by generating liquid secretions by respiratory tract cells.
Fungicidal A substance that kills fungi.
Metric system The decimal measuring system based on the meter, liter, and gram as units of length, capacity, and weight or mass.
Neuroleptanalgesia A state of CNS depression and analgesia induced by a combination of a sedative, tranquilizer, and analgesic.
NSAIDs Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
Osmotic diuretic A medication that helps retain water in the renal tubular lumen via osmosis by altering the solute concentration.
Per OS By mouth.
Pharmacokinetics Refers to how a drug moves into, through, and out of the body.
Positive inotropic drugs Drug that increases the strength of contraction of a weakened heart.
Prescription An order from a licensed veterinarian directing a pharmacist to prepare a drug for use in a clients animal.
Proprietary name Also known as trade name; a unique name given by a manufacturer to its particular brand of drug.
Residue An accumulation of a drug or chemical or its metabolites in animal tissues or food products, resulting from drug administration to the animal or contamination of food products.
Sanitizers Another term for an antiseptic or disinfectant.
Subcutaneous Injection Injecting a drug deep to (beneath) the skin, into the subcutis.
Therapeutic range The ideal range of a drug concentration in the body.
Tincture An alcohol solution meant for topical application.
Vasodilator Any substance that opens (dilates) constricted vessels.
Vermicide An anthelmintic that kills a parasitic worm.
Virucidal Refers to a substance that kills viruses.
Created by: Hammie82298