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PHM 114 Week 2 Term

PHM 114 Week 2 Terminology

Alpha blockers medications used in the treatment of benign prostatic hyerplasia to relax muscles in the prostate and increase urine flow
diuretic agent that increases urine output and excretion of water from the body
electrolyte charged elements called cations
alpha reductase inhibitor medication that shrinks the prostate gland
digital rectal exam screening exam involving palpation of the prostate gland
erectile dysfunction persistent inability to achieve and/or maintain an erection
hyperuricemia condition in which urate levels build up in the blood serum
nephron the filtering unit of the kidneys
prostate specific antigen test blood test to measure prostate specific antigen
renal vein the vein in which filters blood from the kidneys is sent back into the body's circulatory system
urates product of purine metabolism that produces inflammation when crystals accumulate in joints
urinalysis microscopic and chemical examination of a fresh urine sample
absorption the intake of liquids, solutes, and gases
dialysis passage of a solute through a semipermeable membrane to remove toxic materials when the kidneys are malfunctioning
hyperplasia abnormal increase in the number of cells in an organ or tissue
micturition urination
prostate specific antigen protein produced by the prostate gland
renal fascia membranous tissue that surrounds and supports the kidneys
tumor abnormal mass of tissue that results from excessive cell division
urgency feeling of needing to urinate immediately
alkalosis increase in the blood's alkalinity resulting from the accumulation of alkali or reduction of acid content
distribution the mechanism by which elements are sent throughout the body
frequency need to urinate more often then is normal
kidney stones Solid mineral deposits that form in the urinary tract
osmosis diffusion of water from low solute concentrations to higher solute concentrations across a semi-permeable membrane
renal artery one of a pair of arteries that branch from the abdominal aorta
tubular reabsorption conservation of protein, glucose, bicarbonate, and water from the glomerular filtrate by the tubules
ureter tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder
uricosuric drug that increases the renal clearance of urates
acidosis increase in the blood's acidity resulting from the accumulation of acid or loss of bicarbonate
benign prostatic hyperplasia noncancerous growth of cells in the prostate gland
acidification conversion to an acidic environment
ejaculation release of semen from the penis during orgasm
excretion elimination of waste products through stools and urine
gout disease associated with deposits of urate crystals in the joints that produces inflammation and is caused by hyperuricemia
incontinence loss of bladder or bowel control
metabolism the mechanism by which chemical transformation takes place
nosocomial infection infection that originates in the hospital or institutional setting
prostate gland in the male reproductive system just below the bladder and surrounding the urethra
urea main nitrogenous constituent of urine and final project of protein metabolism
Created by: Tinamharris31



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