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PHM 114 Week 1 Term

PHM 114 Week 1 Terminology

TermDefinition
Antihistamines common term for drugs that block the H1 receptors
antipyretic medication that reduces or prevents fever
antitussive medication that decreases the coughing reflex
bronchodilator a medication that relaxes tightened airway muscles and improves airflow through the airways
corticosteroids a class of drugs that stimulate adenylate cyclase and act as anti-inflammatory agents to suppress the immune response
decongestant a medication that reduces swelling of the mucous membranes by constricting dilated blood vessels
expectorant a medication that helps remove mucous secretions by loosening and thinning the sputum and bronchial secretions for ease of expectoration
leukotriene inhibitor an agent that blocks the body's inflammatory responses to the leukotrienes or blocks their synthesis
mast cell stabilizer an agent that stabilizes mast cell membranes against rupture caused by antigenic substances and thereby reduces the amount of histamine and other inflammatory substances released in airway tissues
mucolytic agents that destroy or dissolve mucous
xanthine derivative a drug that causes relaxation of airway smooth muscle, thus causing airway dilation and better air movement
prophylaxis treatment given before an event or exposure to prevent the occurrence of a condition or symptom
peak flow meter device that is used to measure the volume of air exhaled and how fast the air is moved out
nebulizer a device that makes a mist out of liquid inhalant solution
metered dose inhaler a device that delivers a specific amount of medication in a puff of compressed gas
asthma chronic disease that affects the airways producing irritation, inflammation, and difficulty breathing
cyanosis bluish, gray coloring of skin associated with decreased oxygen
emphysema chronic condition of increased air in the alveoli that cannot be exhaled
influenza respiratory tract infection caused by a virus
urticaria hives
dyspnea difficulty breathing or painful breathing
hypoxia having too little oxygen
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease progressive disease of the airways that produces gradual loss of pulmonary function
spacer a device used with a metered dose inhaler to decrease the amount of spray deposited on the back of the throat
allergy hypersensitivity reaction by the immune system upon exposure to an allergen
anaphylaxis life-threatening allergic reaction
angioedema allergic skin disease characterized by patches of circumscribed swelling
wheal raised blister-like area on the skin
spirometry test that measures the volume of air that is expired after taking a deep breath and how rapidly the volume of air is expired
forced expiratory volume maximum volume of air that can be breathed out in one second
Created by: Tinamharris31
 

 



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