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Pharmacology

TermDefinition
Anti-infectives Used for the treatment Infections
Antihypertensives Lower blood pressure and increased blood flow to the myocardium
Antidiarrheals Decrease gastric motility and reduce water content in the intestinal tract
Diuretics Decreased water and sodium absorption from the loop of Henle or inhibit antidiuretic hormone
Antacids Reduce hydrochloric acid in the stomach
calcium and aluminum common side effects constipation
magnesium based antacids common side effects diarrhea
Antipyretics Reduce fever
Antihistamines Block the histamine allergic reactions.
Antihistamines common side effect dry mouth, drowsiness and sedation
Bronchodilators Dilate airway passages and commonly prescribed for clients with asthma and chronic obstructive lung disease
Bronchodilators common side effect Tachycardia
Laxatives Promote the passage of the stool ; Stool softener, cathartics fibers, lubricants and stimulants
Anticoagulants Prevent clot formation by decreasing vitamin k and levels and blocking the clotting chain
Antianemics Increase factor of RBC production
Examples of Antienemics B12, Iron, Epogen (Erythropoietin)
Narcotics/anagelsics Relieve moderate to severe pain.
Opiods (Narcotics) Morphine and codeine
Synthetic Opiods (Narcotics) Meperidine
NSAIDS (Narcotics) Ketorolac
Anticonvulsants To manage seizure disorder and treatment of bipolar disorder
Anticonvulsants medications Lorazepam (Ativan) Phenobarbital Phynytoin (Dilantin)
Anticholinergics cause the mucous membranes to become dry; therefore oral secretions are decreased. Atropine- administered preoperatively
Mydriatics Dilate pupils Use for patients with cataracts
Miotics Constrict the pupil
Miotics Medications Pilocarpine HCl Treatment for glycol
Enteric coated Tablets and caplets that are coated with thick shell that prevent medications from being absorbed in the upper GI tract. Allowing meds to absorbed slowly
Seven Rights of Medication administration Right Client, route, drug, amount, time, documentation, to refuse treatment
Created by: yayitskrisanne
 

 



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