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Section 3 generalization and maintenance

What are the 2 types of generalization Stimulus generalization and response generalization
Give an example of stimulus generalization A=letter, B=letter, C=letter A=A; A=a
Give an example of overgeneralization calling all women "mommy;" calling any animal with a tail he says, "kitty;" inappropriate generalization
Give example of response generalization individual exhibits novel response functionally equivalent to the trained response
Another term for response generalization response induction
How do I know if the answer is response or stimulus generalization? Did the form of the response/behavior change? Yes=response gen; No=stimulus gen
How do we plan for generalization 1. Select B that will meet with natural contingencies of reinforcement. 2. Specify all desired variations of behavior and situations in which it should (should not) occur after instrxn is over.
7 strategies to promote generalization CLEMING
CLEMING: C Common stimuli--same stim exists in instrxn and natural setting.
CLEMING: L Loosely Train--Alter noncritical elements of instrxn in arbitrary ways (different days, different rooms, different clothes, etc)
CLEMING: E Exemplars--more examples=better; provide opporturnities to respond correctly to multiple examples of stimuli.
CLEMING: M Mediation=instruct others (parents, teachers, employers) who will help maintain and generalize new B
CLEMING: I Indiscriminable Contingencies=contingencies in which indv is not able to discriminate when his/her responses will be reinf.
2 ways to create indiscriminable contingencies intermittent schedule of reinforcement; delayed rewards
CLEMING: N Negative teaching examples=nonexamples; teach conditions under which it is NOT appropriate to display B
CLEMING: G General Case Analysis: teach all the different stimulus variations and response variations the indv may encounter after instrxn (order dinner from menu on screen, paper menu, drive thru)
What is maintenance? the extent to which a particular response remains in the indv repertoire over time after intv has been removed.
How to program for maintenance: 1. Use intermittent/variable reinf (maintains behavior) 2. Think variable interval and variable ratio schedules.
T/F: Stimulus generalization is also known as generic tact extension. TRUE!
Created by: allymz93
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