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Nature vs. Nurture4

Vocabulary and Other Stuff

Genes The biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes; a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein
Chromosomes Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes
DNA A complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes
Nucleotide The subunits of DNA
Gender Schema The theory that children learn from their cultures a concept of what it means to be male and female and that they adjust their behavior accordingly
Social Learning Theory The theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished
Gender In Psychology, the characteristics, whether biologically or socially influenced, by which people define male and female
Gender-typing The acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role
Culture The enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
Gender Role A set of expected behaviors for males and females
Evolutionary Psychology The study of the evolution of behavior and the mind, using principles of natural selection. Natural selection is presumed to have favored genes that predisposed behavior and information-processing systems that solved adaptive probelms faced by ancestors
Temperament A person's characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity
Fraternal Twins Twins who develop from separate eggs
Identical Twins Twins who develop from a single fertilized eff that splits in two, creating two genetically identical organisms
Natural Selection The principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations
Sex Whether a person is biologically male or female
Cultural Norms The rules for accepted and exceptedc behavior in a particular culture. Affects behavior.
Adoption Studies Twins that were separated at birth and adopted by different families are extremely similar.
Created by: clarefitz
Popular Psychology sets




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