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ScoreBuilder Ortho

Ortho Chapter Review of ScoreBuilders

What is the fastest energy system? ATP-PC
How long does ATP-PC last? <15 seconds
What is the 2nd fastest system for energy? anaerobic glycolysis
How long does anaerobic glycolysis last? between 30-40 seconds
What is a byproduct of anaerobic glycolysis? lactic acid
What is the main energy system that produces the most ATP? aerobic system/ oxygen system
Where is the placement of the force and load compared to the fulcrum in a Class 1 Lever? The fulcrum is center, the force is on one side and the load is on the other side
Where is the placement of the force and load compared to the fulcrum in a Class 2 Lever? The load is placed between the fulcrum and the force
Where is the placement of the force and load compared to the fulcrum in a Class 3 Lever? The force is between the fulcrum and the load
What are the three types of joints? fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial
What is the other term for fibrous joints? synarthroses
What is the other term for cartilaginous joints? amphiarthroses
What is the other term for synovial joints? diarthroses
What joints make up fibrous joints? suture, syndesmosis, gomphosis
What joints makes up cartilaginous joints? synchondrosis and symphysis
What joints makes up synovial joints? uniaxial, biaxial, and mulitaxial
What joints makes up uniaxial joints? hinge and pivot joints
What joints makes up biaxial? saddle and condyloid joints
What joints makes up multiaxial joints? ball and socket and plane joints
What are the 5 qualities a synovial joint needs? joint cavity, articular cartilage, synovial membrane, synovial fluid, fibrous capsule
What are the 5 joint receptors? free nerve endings Golgi ligament endings Golgi- Mazzoni corpuscles Pacinian corpuscles Ruffini endings
Where are free nerve endings located? joint capsule, ligaments, synovium, fat pads
What are free nerve endings sensitive to? noxious and non-noxious mechanical stress; 2 types
Where are Golgi ligament endings found? ligaments, adjacent to ligaments' bony attachment
What are Golgi ligament endings sensitive to? tension or stretch of ligaments
Where are Golgi- Mazzoni corpuscles found? joint capsule
What are Golgi- Mazzoni corpuscles sensitive to? compression of joint capsule
Where are Pacinian corpuscles found? fibrous layer of joint capsule
What are Pacinian corpuscles sensitive to? high frequency vibration, acceleration, and high velocity changes in joint position
Where are Ruffini endings found? fibrous layer of joint capsule
What are Ruffini endings sensitive to? stretching of joint capsule; amplitude and velocity of joint position
Created by: hfillingim



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