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med term 7&8*

QuestionAnswer
gall bladder the reservoir for bile on the posteroinferior surface of the liver
cystic duct the duct through which bile from the gall bladder passes into the common bile duct
common bile duct the duct formed by the juncture of the cystic and hepatic ducts
hepatic duct bile drains form the liver into the hepatic duct
ampulla of vater the dilation formed by the junction of the pancreatic and bile ducts as they open into the lumen of the duodenum
sphincter of oddi a band of circular muscle fibers around the lower end of the common bile and pancreatic duct
biliary calculi stones in the biliary system
cholangitis inflammation of the bile duct
cholecysitis inflammation of the gall bladder
cholecystolithiasis presence of stones in the gall bladder
cholelith gall stone
cholelithiasis presence of stones in the gall bladder
cholecystogram gall bladder examination
submandibular gland one of a pair of round, walnut-sized salivary glands in the submandibular triangle, the gland secretes both mucus and a thinner serous fluid, which aid the digestive process
sublingual gland one of a pair of small salivary glands situated under the mucous membrane of the floor of the mouth, beneath the tongue, the sublingual gland secretes mucus produced by its alveoli.
parotid gland one of the largest pairs of salivary glands that lie at the side of the face just below and in front of the external ear.
cardiac orifice where the esophagus meets the stomach
fundus of the stomach a cul-de-sac of the stomach that lies above the level of the cardiac orifice
greater curvature the outer external curvature of the stomach
lesser curvature the inner internal curvature of the stomach
body of the stomach the large central portion of the stomach
pylorus the funnel shaped terminal portion of the stomach where most digestion takes place
rugae interior lining of the stomach shaped into numerous macroscopic longitudinal folds
pyloric sphincter where the pylorus narrows to form the duodenal portion of the small intestine
duodenal cap the first part of the superior portion of the duodenum
duodenum the shortest, widest , and most fixed portion of the small intestine
jejunum the middle of the three portions of the small intestine
ileum the lower-third distal portion of the small intestine;extends from the jejunum to the cecum
ileo-cecal valve where the ileum empties into the cecum
cecum a pouchlike structure or cul-de-sac constituting the first part of the large intestine
appendix a wormlike blunt process extending form the cecum
ascending colon extends from the cecum to the lower border of the liver and turns abruptly to form the hepatic flexure
transverse colon colon proceeding transversely to the left and curves beneath the lower end of the spleen to form the splenic flexure.
descending colon colon proceeding downward until it becomes sigmoid colon in the pelvis
sigmoid colon extends from the descending colon in the pelvis to the juncture of the rectum
rectum lower part of the large intestine;continuous with the descending sigmoid colon, proximal to the anus
colic spasmodic pains in the abdomen
colitis inflammation of the colon
diaphragmatic hernia hernia through the diaphragm
diverticula outpouching of the wall of an organ
duodenitis inflammation of the duodenum
enteritis inflammation of the intestine
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
hiatal hernia hernia through the esophageal opening of the diaphragm
heitis inflammation of the ileum
megacolon abnormally distended colon
ulcer lesion of the mucous surface of the alimentary canal
ulcerative colitis inflammation and widespread ulcers in the colon
anastomosis surgical, traumatic, or pathological formation of an opening between two normally distinct spaces or organs
intussusception prolapse of one segment of bowel into the lumen of another segment.
kidney two organs in the lumbar region that filter the blood, excreting the end products of body metabolism in the form of urine
pelvis funnel shaped expansion of the upper end of the ureter into which the renal calices open
calices one of the recesses of the pelvis of the kidney
renal cortex the outer part of the substance of the kidney
poles of the kidney(upper/lower) either end of an axis through the length of a kidney
ureter one of a pair of tubes, about 30 cm. long that carries urine from the kidney into the bladder.
bladder a muscular membranous sac in the pelvis that stores urine for discharge through the urethra
urethra membranous canal through which urine is discharged from the bladder to the exterior of the body.
prostate a gland surrounding the neck of the bladder and urethra in the male;it contributes a secretion to the semen
bladder diverticulum outpouching of the bladder wall
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
horseshoe kidney congenital malformation of the kidney
incontinence inability to control discharge of urine
lipoma fatty tumor
liposarcoma malignant fatty tumor
megabladder enlarged bladder
nephritis disease of the kidney characterized by inflammation and abnormal function
nephrolithiasis disorder characterized by the presence of renal calculi
nephrolithotomy the surgical removal of renal calculi
nephromagaly extreme hypertrophy of one or both kidneys
nephroptosis downward displacement of kidneys
perirenal abscess abscess surrounding the kidney
polycystic kidney multiple cysts of kidney
prostatism chronic disease of the prostate gland
prostatitis acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland, usually the result of an infection
benign prostatic hypertrophy nonmalignant noninflammatory enlargement of the prostate, most common in men over 50 years of age
pyelitis inflammation of the renal pelvis
renal hypertrophy overgrowth of the kidney
ureterostenosis narrowing of the ureter
crohn's disease inflammatory condition of the intestinal trace, most commonly the ileum
dyspepsia gastric indigestion or "upset stomach"
dysphagia inability or difficulty in swallowing
emesis vomiting
hematemesis vomiting blood
pyloric stenosis narrowing of the gastric pyloris
anoxia, hypoxia absence or deficiency of oxygen in tissues
asphyxia insufficient oxygen, "without pulse"
atelectasis collapse of alveoli; incomplete expansion of the lung
pleural effusion accumulation of fluid in the intrapleural spaces of the lungs
pulmonary edema excessive fluid in the lungs
arrhythmia irregularity in heart action
edema condition where body tissues contain an excess of tissue fluid
hypertension on separate occasions, blood pressure is higher than normal
fibrilitation quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions
infarct tissue that undergoes necrosis after loss of blood supply
ischemia local and temporary deficiency of blood supply
thrombus, thrombi blood clot that obstructs a vessel
claudication lameness, limping
uremia metabolic waste in the blood
fistula abnormal passage from hollow organ to the surface, or from one organ to another
lethargy abnormal activity or lack of response to normal stimuli
syncope fainting
transient ischemic attack(TIA) temporary interference with blood supply to the brain
dyspnea difficulty breathing
tachycardia rapid heart action
bradycardia slow heart action
trachypnea rapid breathing
bladder diverticulum outpouching of the bladder wall
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
horseshoe kidney congenital malformation of the kidney
incontinence inability to control discharge of urine
lipoma fatty tumor
liposarcoma malignant fatty tumor
megabladder enlarged bladder
nephritis disease of the kidney characterized by inflammation and abnormal function
nephrolithiasis disorder characterized by the presence of renal calculi
nephrolithotomy the surgical removal of renal calculi
nephromagaly extreme hypertrophy of one or both kidneys
nephroptosis downward displacement of kidneys
perirenal abscess abscess surrounding the kidney
polycystic kidney multiple cysts of kidney
prostatism chronic disease of the prostate gland
prostatitis acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland, usually the result of an infection
benign prostatic hypertrophy nonmalignant noninflammatory enlargement of the prostate, most common in men over 50 years of age
pyelitis inflammation of the renal pelvis
renal hypertrophy overgrowth of the kidney
ureterostenosis narrowing of the ureter
crohn's disease inflammatory condition of the intestinal trace, most commonly the ileum
dyspepsia gastric indigestion or "upset stomach"
dysphagia inability or difficulty in swallowing
emesis vomiting
hematemesis vomiting blood
pyloric stenosis narrowing of the gastric pyloris
anoxia, hypoxia absence or deficiency of oxygen in tissues
asphyxia insufficient oxygen, "without pulse"
atelectasis collapse of alveoli; incomplete expansion of the lung
pleural effusion accumulation of fluid in the intrapleural spaces of the lungs
pulmonary edema excessive fluid in the lungs
arrhythmia irregularity in heart action
edema condition where body tissues contain an excess of tissue fluid
hypertension on separate occasions, blood pressure is higher than normal
fibrilitation quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions
infarct tissue that undergoes necrosis after loss of blood supply
ischemia local and temporary deficiency of blood supply
thrombus, thrombi blood clot that obstructs a vessel
claudication lameness, limping
uremia metabolic waste in the blood
fistula abnormal passage from hollow organ to the surface, or from one organ to another
lethargy abnormal activity or lack of response to normal stimuli
syncope fainting
transient ischemic attack(TIA) temporary interference with blood supply to the brain
dyspnea difficulty breathing
tachycardia rapid heart action
bradycardia slow heart action
trachypnea rapid breathing
bladder diverticulum outpouching of the bladder wall
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
horseshoe kidney congenital malformation of the kidney
incontinence inability to control discharge of urine
lipoma fatty tumor
liposarcoma malignant fatty tumor
megabladder enlarged bladder
nephritis disease of the kidney characterized by inflammation and abnormal function
nephrolithiasis disorder characterized by the presence of renal calculi
nephrolithotomy the surgical removal of renal calculi
nephromagaly extreme hypertrophy of one or both kidneys
nephroptosis downward displacement of kidneys
perirenal abscess abscess surrounding the kidney
polycystic kidney multiple cysts of kidney
prostatism chronic disease of the prostate gland
prostatitis acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland, usually the result of an infection
benign prostatic hypertrophy nonmalignant noninflammatory enlargement of the prostate, most common in men over 50 years of age
pyelitis inflammation of the renal pelvis
renal hypertrophy overgrowth of the kidney
ureterostenosis narrowing of the ureter
crohn's disease inflammatory condition of the intestinal trace, most commonly the ileum
dyspepsia gastric indigestion or "upset stomach"
dysphagia inability or difficulty in swallowing
emesis vomiting
hematemesis vomiting blood
pyloric stenosis narrowing of the gastric pyloris
anoxia, hypoxia absence or deficiency of oxygen in tissues
asphyxia insufficient oxygen, "without pulse"
atelectasis collapse of alveoli; incomplete expansion of the lung
pleural effusion accumulation of fluid in the intrapleural spaces of the lungs
pulmonary edema excessive fluid in the lungs
arrhythmia irregularity in heart action
edema condition where body tissues contain an excess of tissue fluid
hypertension on separate occasions, blood pressure is higher than normal
fibrilitation quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions
infarct tissue that undergoes necrosis after loss of blood supply
ischemia local and temporary deficiency of blood supply
thrombus, thrombi blood clot that obstructs a vessel
claudication lameness, limping
uremia metabolic waste in the blood
fistula abnormal passage from hollow organ to the surface, or from one organ to another
lethargy abnormal activity or lack of response to normal stimuli
syncope fainting
transient ischemic attack(TIA) temporary interference with blood supply to the brain
dyspnea difficulty breathing
tachycardia rapid heart action
bradycardia slow heart action
trachypnea rapid breathing
Created by: amonnat001