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terms and definition

ch 9 institutional pharmacy practice (pharm tech)

ASAP order as soon as possible but not an emergency
aseptic technique procedures used in the sterile compounding of hazardous and nonhazardous materials to minimize the introduction of microbes or unwanted debris that could contaminate the preparation
automated dispensing system (ADS) computerized cabinets and integrated systems that control inventory on nursing floors, in emergency departments, and in surgical suites and other patient care areas
computerized physician order entry (CPOE) computerized order entry
crash carts moveable carts containing trays of medications, administration sets, oxygen, and other materials used in life-threatening situations such as cardiac arrest; also known as code carts
electronic medication administration record (E-MAR) a computer program that automatically documents the administration of medication into certified electronic health record (EHR) systems; the report serves as a legal record of medications administered to a patient at a facility by a health care professional
floor stock drugs not labeled for a specific patient and maintained at a nursing station or other department of the institution (excluding the pharmacy) for the purpose of administration to a patient of the facility
formulary a list of drugs approved for use in hospitals by the pharmacy and therapeutics committee of the institution that have become the standard stock carried by the pharmacy and other departments
institutional pharmacy a pharmacy in facilities where patients receive care on site (i.e. hospitals, extended-living homes, long-term care, and hospice facilities); institutional pharmacies are also found in government-supported hospitals run by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Indian Health Service, and the Bureau of Prisons
investigational drug a drug that has not been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for marketing but is in clinical trials; also, an FDA-approved drug seeking a new indication for use
medication order a prescription written for administration in a hospital or institution
NKA no known allergies
NKDA no known drug allergies
nonformulary medications drugs that are not approved for use within an institution unless specific exceptions are filed and accepted by institutional protocols
parenteral medications medication that bypasses the digestive system but is intended for systemic action; the term parenteral most commonly describes medications given by injection such as intravenously or intramuscularly
periodic automatic replenishment (PAR) a set level of certain medications kept on hospital floors
prn from the Latin term pro re nata, meaning "as needed"
protocol a set of standards and guidelines by which a facility operates
Pyxis an automated dispensing system often used in hospitals
satellite pharmacy a specialty pharmacy located away from the central pharmacy, such as an operating room (OR), emergency department (ED), or a neonatal pharmacy; satellite pharmacies typically are staffed by a pharmacist and a pharmacy technician
standing order written procedure for drug or treatment that is to be used in a specific situation
stat order a medication order that must be filled immediately, as quickly as is safely possible to prepare the dose, usually within 10 to 15 minutes
SureMed an automated dispensing system often used in hospitals
The Joint Commission an independent, nonprofit organization that accredits hospitals and other health care facilities in the United States; the facility must be accredited to receive Medicare and Medicaid payment
unit dose (UD) individualized packaged doses used in institutional practice settings
United States Pharmacopeia (USP) a compendium of drug information, published annually, comprising enforceable guidelines for the safe preparation of sterile products
Created by: DbaileyC



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