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infectious diseases

BENCHMARK DRUGS

genericBrandPharmacologic CategoryCommon indications
amoxicillin and clavulanate (PO) Augmentin, Augmentin XR Beta-lactam antibiotic (aminopenicillin) and beta-lactamase inhibitor Otitis media, bacterial sinusitis Activity against: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae
ampicillin and sulbactam (IV) Unasyn Beta-lactam antibiotic (aminopenicillin) and beta-lactamase inhibitor DFI, IAI Activity against: MSSA, Bacteroides species
piperacillin and tazobactam (IV) Zosyn Beta-lactam antibiotic (aminopenicillin) and beta-lactamase inhibitor HAP, DFI, IAI Activity against: Pseudomonas aeruginosa
oxacillin (IV) -- Beta-lactam antibiotic (penicillinase-resistant penicillin) CRBSI, endocarditis, SSTI Activity against: MSSA, Streptococcus pyogenes
cephalexin (PO) Keflex Beta-lactam antibiotic (first generation cephalosporin) SSTI Activity against: MSSA, Streptococcus pyogenes
cefazolin (IV) Ancef, Kefzol Beta-lactam antibiotic (first generation cephalosporin) Antimicrobial prophylaxis in surgery, CRBSI, SSTI Activity against: MSSA, Streptococcus pyogenes
cefuroxime (IV, PO) IV: Zinacef, PO: Ceftin Beta-lactam antibiotic (second generation cephalosporin) Bacterial sinusitis Activity against: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae
cefdinir (PO) Omnicef Beta-lactam antibiotic (third generation cephalosporin) Otitis media, bacterial sinusitis Activity against: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae
cefotaxime (IV) Claforan Beta-lactam antibiotic (third generation cephalosporin) Meningitis, CAP, pyelonephritis Activity against: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Escherichia coli
ceftriaxone (IV, IM) Rocephin Beta-lactam antibiotic (third generation cephalosporin) Meningitis, CAP, pyelonephritis Activity against: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Escherichia coli
cefepime (IV) Maxipime Beta-lactam antibiotic (fourth generation cephalosporin) Meningitis, CAP, HAP, pyelonephritis Activity against: Pseudomonas aeruginosa
amoxicillin (PO) -- Beta-lactam antibiotic (aminopenicillin) Otitis media, pharyngitis Activity against: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes
meropenem (IV) Merrem Carbapenem Meningitis, HAP, DFI, IAI Activity against: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae
ciprofloxacin (PO, IV) Cipro Fluoroquinolone antibiotic Pyelonephritis, HAP Activity against: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, atypicals
levofloxacin (PO, IV) Levaquin Fluoroquinolone antibiotic CAP, pyelonephritis Activity against: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Streptococcus pneumoniae, atypicals
moxifloxacin (ophthalmic, PO, IV) Ophthalmic: Vigamox, PO, IV: Avelox Fluoroquinolone antibiotic Ophthalmic: bacterial conjunctivitis, PO, IV: CAP Activity against: Streptococcus pneumoniae, atypicals
azithromycin (PO, IV) Zithromax, Z-pak, Zmax Macrolide antibiotic CAP Activity against: Helicobacter pylori, Chlamydia trachomatis, atypicals
clarithromycin (PO, IV) Biaxin, Biaxin XL Macrolide antibiotic CAP Activity against: Helicobacter pylori, Chlamydia trachomatis, atypicals
doxycycline (PO, IV) Vibramycin, Doryx Tetracycline antibiotic SSTI, CAP Activity against: MRSA, atypicals
minocycline (PO, IV) Minocin Tetracycline antibiotic SSTI Activity against: MRSA
clindamycin (PO, IV) Cleocin Lincosamide antibiotic SSTI, pharyngitis Activity against: MRSA
sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim (PO, IV) Bactrim, Bactrim DS Sulfonamide antibiotic SSTI Activity against: MRSA
nitrofurantoin (PO) Macrobid Urinary antibiotic Cystitis Activity against: Escherichia coli
gentamicin (IV) --- Aminoglycoside antibiotic HAP, pyelonephritis, neonatal sepsis Activity against: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli
vancomycin (IV, PO) Vancocin Glycopeptide antibiotic IV: SSTI, HAP, meningitis, endocarditis, CRBSI PO: CDI Activity against: MRSA, Clostridium difficile
metronidazole (PO, IV) Flagyl Antibiotic Anaerobic infections, CDI Activity against: Bacteroides species, Clostridium difficile
mupirocin (topical) Bactroban Antibiotic MRSA decolonization
terbinafine (PO, topical) Lamisil Allylamine antifungal Onychomycosis
acyclovir (PO, IV) Zovirax Antiviral Herpes simplex virus
valacyclovir (PO) Valtrex Antiviral Herpes simplex virus
fluconazole (PO, IV) Diflucan Azole antifungal Vulvovaginal candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis
ketoconazole (PO, topical) Nizoral Azole antifungal Vulvovaginal candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis
oseltamivir (PO) Tamiflu Neuraminidase inhibitor antiviral Fungal infections Influenza
nystatin (PO) Bio-Statin Polyene antifungal Oropharyngeal candidiasis
nystatin (topical) -- Polyene antifungal Cutaneous and mucocutaneous fungal infections
micafungin (IV) Mycamine Echinocandin antifungal Invasive candidiasis
betamethasone and clotrimazole (topical) Lotrisone Glucocorticoid and azole antifungal Cutaneous fungal infections
penicillin V potassium (PO), penicillin G potassium (IV) -- Beta-lactam antibiotic (natural penicillin) Pharyngitis, SSTI Activity against: Streptococcus pyogenes
ampicillin (PO, IV) -- Beta-lactam antibiotic (aminopenicillin) Intrapartum group B Streptococcus prophylaxis Activity against: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Listeria monocytogenes
Created by: alyssaloren165
 

 



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