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Final for breaker

radiology

QuestionAnswer
the study of disease Pathology
Any abnormal disturbance of the function or structure of the human body as a result of some type of injury Disease
Origintaion and development of disease Pathogenesis
Observable changes Manifestations
A pt's subjective perception of a disease that only the pt can identify (headache, pain, neasuea) Symptom
An objective manifestation that can be identified by a healthcare provider.( fever,swelling) Sign
the cause of study of the cause of a disease etiology
adverse responses that occur from medical treatment (rib fx during cpr) Iatrogenic
From unknown cause idiopathic
The name of the disease that the pt is believed to have diagnosis
prediction of the course and outcome of a disease Prognosis
Atomic number is decreased reduction in compactness of cells subtractive disease
an increase in tissue density, atomic number, increase compactness additive
Study of the incidence, distribution, and control of disease iin a population Epidemiology
number of cases found in a given population Prevalence
the number of new cases found in a given time period incidence
the number of deaths caused by a disease averaged over a population Mortality rate
Incidence ofsickness sufficient to interfere with an individual's nomral daily routine Morbidity rate
Diseases that can be grouped into several large categories disease classifications
present at birth and as a result of genetic or enviromental factors Congenital
disease caused by developmental disorders genetically transmitted to a child from ancestors hereditatry
results from the body's reaction to a local injurious agent inflammatory
antibodies that form against and injure the pt autoantibodies
disease associated with antibodies (rheumatoid arthritis) autoimmune disorder
caused by deterioration of the body (osteoporosis) Degenerative
diseases caused by the disturbance of normal physiologic function (diabetes, electrolyte balance) metabolic
resulting from mechanical forces such as twisting, crushing , and ionization traumatic
a disease that results in new abnormal tissue neoplastic
non cancerous localized growth of cells benign neoplasm
cancerous growth that invades surrounding tissues malignant neoplasm
the spread of malignant cancer cells metastasis
the spread of cancerous cells via blood vessels hematogenous spread
the spread of cancerous cells via lymph nodes lymphatic spread
cancer derived from epithelial cells carcinoma
cancer derived from connective tissue sarcoma
cancer derived from blood cells leukemias
canver derived from lymphatic cells lypmphoma
another name for jugular notch manubrial notch
another name for the body of the sternum gladiolus; corpus
what are the true ribs 1-7
what are the false ribs 8-12
Why do we do an RAO sternum? with what SID? So heart can be over the sternum; 40 SID
why do we do breathing sternum? so ribs and lung markings can be blurred
When doing SC joints what's the angle of pt? 15 degrees slight LAO and RAO
which lung has 3 lobes? therefore? right lung, most likely to asperate
Chest x-ray is taken with what scale of contras? long scale of contrast
what shot is taken for the apex of lungs? where are the clavicles when viewing this image? lordotic chest; on; above the apex
for fluid levels what view is taken and what side is down? Lateral decubitus chest, effected side down.
Why would we do cxr on insp. and exp? port line placement and pneumothorax
accumulation of air in the pleural space causing collapse of the lung pneumothorax
accumulation of excess fluid in the pleural space (pus, blood), may be caused by congestive heart failure, pulmonary embolism, infection (tb), acities or recent surgery. pleural effusion
the presence of pus in the pleural space. Caused by the spread of pneumonia or contamination by instrumentation empyema
inflammation resulting in accumulation of fluid with certain sections of the lungs pneumonia
infection of the myvobacterium tuberculosis TB
is a viral infection of kids that produces inflammatory obstructive swelling in the trachea croup
inflammation of bronchial linings excessive mucus production, leading to obstruction of airways. associated with asthma, bronchitis, emphysema annd chrionic tb chronic bronchitis
Distention of peripheral air spaes as a result of the loss of elasticity and destruction of aveolar walls. makes it difficult for pt to exhale emphysema
condition in which collapse of a portion of a lung occurs as a result of an obstruction of the bronchus atelectasis
blockage of artery leading to lungs pulmonary embolism
obstruction by a clot, plaque, fat, air, blood embolism
obstruction by a blood clot thrombosis
formation of a clot in a deep bein, usually in the leg but sometimes in the arms or pelvis Deep vein thrombosis
On a well exposed PA erect chest how many ribs shoulod be above the diaphragm 10
how much do oblique for a sternum obl? slight, 15
SID sternum obl? 30 SID
For LAO/RPO ribs what side are you looking at? R side
What scale of contrast is needed for rib xray? short scale
dignitition swallowing
what's the valsalva maneuver? bearing down
What does the lig of triese do? holds small colon in place
another name for apendix verbaform process
HOw is sigmoid view perfomed? PA face down angle 30-40 down face up angle 30-40 up
Which obl will demonstrate splenic flexure? RPO/LAO
Why would water soluble contrast be used? for r/o obstruction or preforation
outpouching of the wall of the esophagus, caused by weakness or breakdown of the muscular wall diverticula
breakdown of the lining of the stomach caused by the combined action of infection and excess fluid ulcers
ulcer of the lower esophagus, stomach or duodenum peptic ulcer
telescoping of one segment on another intussusception
twisting of bowel volvulus
out pouching or sac diverticula
a growth on the surface of a mucosal lining polyps
autoimmune inflammatory disease of the intestine crohns (ulcerative colitis)
which kidney is longer and narrower? left
small intestin is how long? 22ft
which ducts opens to duodenum? common bile and pancreatic
how long is rectum 6 in
contraction waves by whivh the digestive tube propels its contents toward the rectum peristalisis
kidneys are part of what system? excretory system
lateral border of kidney is convex
kidneys are level with T12 and L3
When in RPO what kidney and ureter are you looking at? Right ureter and Left kidney
which kidney is lower? right
outer covering of kidney is called renal capsule
intravenous urogram- bolus injection/infusion injection INTO BLADDER antegrade filling of contrast
Retrograde filling via catheter into urethra-
nephroptosis kidney not inplace
blockage destention of blood vessel hydronephrosis
when will contrast appear in pelvicalyceal syesten after injection IVU? 2-8 min
spleen is part of which systen? lyphatic
what are accessory organs of digestion? salevary glandss, panreas, gallblader, liver
liver divided by what? falsiform ligament
Raccoon sign- black eye appearance due to pooling of blood CSF leaking from ears or nose Basal skull fracture
Fracture of orbital floor from blunt trauma. Modified waters view shows floor in profile. Blowout fracture
A set of fractures including the lateral orbital wall, inferior orbital rim, and the zygomatic arch Tripod fracture (Malar fracture)-
Inflammation of paranasal sinuses, sometimes called rhinosinusitis. Sinusitis
another name for zygoma maylor
On the towns for skull what's the angle and where do you center? 30 caudal with OML perp with IR and center at midsagital at hearline
for the HAAS for skull what's the angle and line u use? where do u center? 25 degrees cephalic OML perp with IR and exits glabella or hairline
for towns for arches whats the angle and what line are you using and where do you center? 30 caudal center at glabella and OML perpendicular with IR
for SMV skull what line is used? IOML
For the Waters skull what line is used and what angle should it make, and what's the exit? The OML is 37 degrees to the IR MML is perp. to CR exits acanthion
For modified waters for skull(kissing waters) whatLine is used and at what degree? were does it exit? OML is 55 degrees to IR plane CR perp and exits at acanthion
For Waters were are the Petrous ridgs? below maxillary sinus
For the modified waters skull where are the petrouse ridges? in maxillary sinus
PA caldwell skull what's the angle and what line is used? CR exits where? OML perp to IR. CR is 15 degrees caudal . Exits the nasion
PA caldwell skull where are the Petrous ridges? crying caldwell lower orbits
For the PA skull where do you exit CR and what line is used MS plane is perp to IR. OML is Perp to IR exits Nasion
were are the Peturs ridgs on PA skull? they fill the orbits
for the Mandible view of RAMI what line is used and were does it exit? OML is perp to IR CR to the Acanthion
Mandible for Body what line is used and were does CR exit? Acanthaomeatal line near perp with IR exits lips
Axiolateral Oblique Mandibal what's the angle and were does it exit? CR 25 cephalic angle and exits through dependent mandibular symphasis
For Mandible towns were do you center and what angle is CR? Center 3 in above nasion CR is 35 caudal
TMJ's axiolateral (shuller) What's the CR angle and where does it pass CR is 25-30 degrees caudad, passes through the down side of TMJ about 1/2 anterior to EAM
Axiolateral Obl. (laws) from lat turn face 15 degrees toward IR. CR 15 Degrees caudad, Centered through Dependent TMJ
cholelythiosis gall stones
Created by: 1145508893