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Critical Cognition

Ch. 3 of THiNK by Judith Boss

LANGUAGE communicatrion system with symbols (spoken, written, nonverbal)
DIRECTIVE LANGUAGE directs or influences actions. Non-verbal hand gestures too.
EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE shows feelings and attitudes to impact listener emotionally. Poetry, religious worship, emotive words
EMOTIVE WORDS stir up or elicit emotions
CEREMONIAL LANGUAGE used in formal circumstances, greetings, prayer, handshake, rituals
DENOTATIVE MEANING word or phrase meaning that describes properties of object, being, or event. Ex. Denotative meaning of DOG is domesticated member of Canis Familiaris
CONNOTATIVE MEANING word or phrase that includes personal thoughts and feelings based on past experience and associations.
STEREOTYPING seeing people as members of a certain group. Labeling people reinforces negative stereotypes.
STIPULATIVE DEFINITION defines a new term (byte, decaf). Or can define a new combination of old terms (skyscraper, laptop). pro-life, pro-choice, trade names (Jell-O, Band-Aid, Kleenex)
LEXICAL DEFINITION dictionary definition or denotive meaning of a term. Used popularly and currently. Otherwise it is outdated.
PRECISING DEFINITION a more precise definition than lexical definition. Academic meaning of "class participation" must be explained further by teacher. Legal terms must be more clarified by law.
THEORETICAL DEFINITION precising definition that explain's term's specific nature. Medical terms are found in a medical dictionary
OPERATIONAL DEFINITION concise definition of a measure to standardize data collection, interpretation. Ex: BMI (Not obese) is precise enough to a doctor.
PERSUASIVE DEFINITION to persuade others to adopt our viewpoint, have emotive language
A GOOD DEFINITION not too broad, not too narrow, has essential attributes, not circular, no obscure nor figurative language, no emotive language
ASSERTIVE COMMUNICATION STYLE clear, confident, pro-relationships, mutually satisfactory solutions
AGGRESSIVE COMMUNICATION STYLE manipulative, controlling tactics, make others do what we want
PASSIVE COMMUNICATION STYLE avoids confrontation, conforming
PASSIVE-AGGRESSIVE COMMUNICATION STYLE mix of passive and aggressive styles, More indirect, subtle, manipulative.
EMOTIVE LANGUAGE emotionally charged language like regime, obstinate, terrorist to cover weak arguments lacking sufficient facts
RHETORICAL DEVICES use psychological persuasion to persuade others to agree. Euphemisms, dysphemisms, sarcasm, hyperbole
EUPHEMISM replacing negative term with a neutral or positive one to hide the truth. Ex- Nazis' "Final Solution" (extermination), pass away,
DYSPHEMISM rhetorical devise. produces negative effect (death tax not inheritance tax)
SARCASM rhetorical devise, ridicule, insult, taunt, caustic irony. Not humor.
LIE deliberate attempt to mislead, withholding or omitting information
Created by: ccyndimolina
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