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Exceptional Talent

For plasticity test mid term

TermDefinition
Expertise & Learning: Describe 'expertise' Deliberate attention given to a particular skill in order to acquire a higher level of that skill for brain and environmental adaptations
Expertise & Learning: Expert performance (eminence) Outstanding achievement and innovative contributions to a domain by eminent individuals
Expertise & Learning: Delberate practice Extremely structured task explicit goal to improve performance. Repetitions alone dont lead to improvement
Contributng factors to becoming expert: Explain Genes and Heredity Galton (1869) talent as innate expression of heredity genes
Contributng factors to becoming expert: Explain External resources Parental involvement and support, access to practice, training, materials & teachers
Contributng factors to becoming expert: Explain Exposure Early age exposure to a specific domain
Contributng factors to becoming expert: Explain Enculturation Normative environmental influence and values (musical families, etc)
Domain specificity - What is that Experts superior speed in their domain does not transfer, no transfer effect, unless it was string to another instrument. Reaction time, general perception no transfer effect
What is deliberate practice? Simon & Chase - 10 year rule, they found was linked to maths, chess, tennis, swimming and even long distance running.
What is the difference between work and play? Work: incl.public performance, competitions, services for payment, or other efforts motivated by external rewards Play: activities with no explicit goal and are inherently enjoyable
Memory Backgrund: Explain Ebbinhaus The forgetting curve, the decrease in ability of the brain to retain memory over time.
Memory Background: Explain Atkinson & Shriffin Multi store model - sensory registers >> STM and then a rehearsal buffer exists and retrieval and storage mechanisms between the two
Memory Background: Explain Baddeley & Hitch STM model(WMS) - Visuo spatial sketchpad and the phonological loop systems working with executive function and working memory, an episodic buffer which is the executive function
Created by: robhargreaves