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Asthma & COPD

Ch 21 Agents for respiratory conditions, pharm tech

Spiriva tiotropium *inhaled anticholinergics bronchodilators
Atrovent HFA ipratropium *inhaled anticholinergics bronchodilators
inhaled steroids Pulmicort or Flovent
Pulmicort budesonide *inhaled corticosteroid
Flovent fluticasone *inhaled corticosteroid
combination products Symbicort / formoterol and budesonide
Advair fluticasone and salmeterol *combination bronchodilator and steroid
Combivent albuterol and ipratropium *combination bronchodilators to control bronchospasm in patients with COPD
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is an irreversible chronic obstruction of the airways; emphysema and chronic bronchitis are examples of COPD
Asthma condition in which there is a reversible narrowing of the air passages caused by over-responsiveness of the airways to various stimuli and inflammation of the airways *viruses, cold air, exercise, pollens, dust, cigarette smoke, animal dander are examples of stimuli
symptoms of Asthma and COPD are similar with wheezing, difficulty breathing, and coughing
bronchodilators medicines that open up the airways and make it easier to breathe
inhaler or nebulizer forms deliver medicine directly to the lungs so the patient can feel relief quicker and there is less systemic absorption of the medicine leading to fewer adverse effects
short acting beta agonists such as albuterol and levalbuterol work quickly to stop an attack
long acting beta agonists are used on a daily basis to prevent an attack
anticholinergic drugs more useful in COPD than in asthma; anticholinergic "drying" effects
Corticosteroids used to suppress inflammation and the immune system response (used in a wide variety of illnesses such as asthma, lupus, RA)
inhaled route of administration of corticosteroids useful in pulmonary diseases to provide local effect and prevent numerous side effects of oral medications
short-acting bronchodilators albuterol (Proventil, Ventolin, and ProAir) and levalbuterol (Xopenex)
Long-acting bronchodilators Serevent, Perforomist or Foradil, Brovana
Serevent salmeterol *asthma and COPD
Perforomist or Foradil formoterol *asthma and COPD
Brovana arformoterol *COPD
Methylxanthines Theo-24 / theophylline; aminophylline *PO
Leukotriene modifiers Singulair and Accolate
Singulair montelukast *leukotriene modifiers (PO)
Accolate zafirlukast *leukotriene modifiers (PO)
Mast Cell Stabilizers Gastrocrom, NasalCrom / cromolyn sodium
Mucolytic agent Mucomyst / acetylcysteine
anticholinergics Atrovent and Spiriva
Spiriva tiotropium *anticholinergics
Atrovent ipratropium *anticholinergics
Created by: DbaileyC



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